This article will explore this feature and how you can use your camera’s hot shoe mount.
What is a Hot Shoe?
A hot shoe (or ‘hotshoe’) is a place to attach accessories to your camera. Most mid-to-high-end digital cameras have it.
It is a square bracket usually placed in the top middle of the camera body. Products slip onto it and then screw down to secure the connection with the body.
Analog cameras might also have an accessory attachment set in a similar position. We will talk more about the difference in a minute.
This is a convenient place to mount attachments like an external flash. You can see readouts and have easy access to buttons and switches. The mount is usually placed to distribute the weight of the attached items and keep your camera stable.
Cold vs. Hot Shoe Adapters
If you look closely at the mount, you will see metal pins or disks. These electronic points allow cameras and the attached accessories to communicate. For instance, you trigger the flash when you press the shutter button. You may even have a flash with TTL (Through the Lens). Your flash uses the camera’s metering and figures out how powerful it needs to be. It is a kind of ‘auto’ mode for your flash.
Hot shoes are not universal. The contact point is unique to each manufacturer. The attached accessory must be made to work with the specific contact point. This is why a Nikon flash will not work on a Canon. You can mount the speed light. But there will be no communication between the camera and the accessory.
A cold shoe is an accessory mount without the communication system. The accessory may connect another way, but not through the mount. For instance, remote triggers may communicate through a cable.
This is the technical definition of hot and cold shoes. But most photographers refer to the accessory mount on top of their camera as a ‘hot shoe’. It does not matter whether the accessory is communicating through the mount or not.
Compatible Hot Shoe Accessories
Consider buying a hot shoe cover. These slip into the mounting brackets. They protect the electronics from moisture and dirt. The product is inexpensive and blends into your camera’s body. But you can buy ones that include a bubble spirit level or add a designer element to your body.
Each manufacturer makes its own external flash unit or speed light. There are also off-brand flashes. Make sure to buy the right one for your model.
Flash remote triggers like PocketWizards activate studio speed lights. These are specific to both your camera’s model and lighting company.
Constant lights like the Neewer video light direct a steady stream of light on your subject.
If you take many videos, an external microphone like the Tascam TM-2X Stereo X-Y Microphone is a must-have.
Not all cameras collect location information. GPS receivers add coordinates to the EXIF data of the image. Make sure you get the correct accessory for your model.
There are many types of brackets available. Some allow you to mount multiple devices like a constant light and a microphone for video shooting. Handy are brackets for mounting smartphones or other devices like the Ulanzi SST-06 smartphone tripod.
A hot shoe is more than a mounting bracket. It allows you to connect external accessories that greatly expand the functionality of your camera.