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Do you want to understand your camera and take great photos today?

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No doubt you have heard the term ‘Nifty Fifty’ before. I’m here to tell you the Nifty Fifty lens is an essential part of your camera gear.

Without one, you would be lost. To get the best out of this article, you really need to know the difference between lens categories.

Four different camera lenses on a brown surface - why you need a nifty fifty

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What Is a ‘Nifty Fifty’ Lens?

A nifty fifty lens is basically a fast 50mm lens. The nifty part comes from a lens having a very wide aperture, such as f/1.4 or f/1.8, and the fifty part refers to the focal length.

A fast 50mm lens is the closest you can get to the human eye. This means low amounts of distortion and a similar field of view.

These lenses are also more from plastic than metal and are lower priced.

The Canon EF 50mm f/1.8 II or Nikon AF Nikkor 50mm f/1.8D are the perfect examples.

Close up of someone holding a Canon DSLR fitted with a 50mm Nifty Fifty Prime lens

Why Are ‘Nifty Fifty’ Lenses Important?

Closest to What You See

So now we know about what makes a ‘nifty fifty’ lens, we need to look at what makes them great. As we mentioned before, the nifty fifty is the closest replication of your human eye.

When you see a scene you want to capture, the 50mm will capture that as close to how you see it as possible. Using a wider or telephoto lens will give you more or less of the scene, forcing you to move around more.

Shallow Depth of Field

This lens has a very shallow depth of field. Depth of field is created by the size and speed of the aperture of the lens. The Canon or Nikon lenses mentioned above have apertures of f/1.8, meaning they open wider letting in more light.

Perfect for shooting live music or indoor events. Shallow depth of field is also what makes the background blurry.

This singles out the subject and cuts out distracting elements behind them.

Close up of someone holding a 50mm Nifty Fifty lens with a blurry outdoor background behind

Won’t Break the Bank

The majority of these lenses are affordable. Of course, you can buy the Canon EF 50mm f/1.2L USM lens with Ultrasonic Motor.

But for that price, you could buy 10 Canon EF 50mm f/1.8 II lenses. 

It’s a great deal more expensive, and a lot heavier than the plastic model. You are getting a few faster stops of aperture and a faster/quieter focus.

The Canon EF 50mm f/1.8 II is one of the cheapest, if not THE cheapest lens you can buy.

Looking at the price, this is the most cost-effective prime lenses you can imagine. A prime lens is a necessary item in your camera gear. These often outweigh zoom lenses in terms of quality and sharpness.

A prime lens needs less glass and motors inside it. The manufacturers can focus on creating something of superb quality. They have one focal length, which they are the master at.

A zoom lens is the jack of all trades, as it is necessary for it to change its focal length and focus at each step. They are good at every step of their capacity, but not perfect.

It’s Small and Light

Ergonomics are very important to photographers. Whether you are a travel/street photographer, or you prefer landscapes.

This gets more important the longer you carry it.

A zoom lens can be heavy, due to the motors and extra glass inside, wide angle lenses have a lot of heavy glass.

The nifty fifty f/1.8 is mainly built from plastic and you won’t even realise you are carrying it.

It weighs 4.59 ounces (130 grams), which is a little heavier than a deck of cards.

It is light and will fit anywhere.

Two green filling station pumps shot with a nifty fifty

It’ll Help Train Your Photography Eye

Training your eye is something photographers are always looking for. A way to get better and better at photographing subjects. The nifty fifty is great for this.

As it is a prime and not zoom lens, you need to move to get closer or further away from your subject.

There is no cheating here, so you need to move. Every time to do, you learn more about framing, distance and a workable image.

You will spend more time thinking about each shot, creating better images.

It’s Versatile

Versatility is the key here. A wide angle lens (35mm or less) is perfect for landscape photography, but not great for portrait photography. Wide angle lenses have more lens distortion and will create strange effects when used at close range.

A telephoto lens (100mm or more) is perfect for deep sky astrophotography, but not great for street photography. Telephoto lenses are huge and will draw attention to yourself, stopping all candid photos in their tracks.

A 50mm, however, is a great all-rounder. You can use this for landscape, portraits and street photography. Only in rare situations will you feel like you needed a different lens.

Close up of a man giving the peace sign with a blurry outdoor background behind shot with a 50mm Nifty Fifty

Best Nifty Fifty Lenses to Choose From

Whether you are using a DSLR or a mirrorless system, there is a range of 50mm lenses to choose from. For DSLRs, our recommendations are the Canon EF 50mm f/1.8 II or Nikon AF Nikkor 50mm f/1.8D.

They are cheap and cheerful lenses, with a wide aperture for great depth of field and quality.

We recommend the f/1.8 over the f/1.4 and the f/1.2 as it is cheaper, and although there is a slight difference in depth of field, the effects are negligible.

The differences for us are not big enough to justify such a huge jump in price.

The best thing about the cheaper lens is that it can be abused somewhat, even though it is made mainly from plastic.

For mirrorless systems, you can’t go wrong with the Fujifilm 35mm f2 R WRSony 50mm f1.8 FE or Olympus 25mm f1.8. The Fujifilm 35mm, when used on the cropped sensor of the X-T1 or X-T2, gives you an equivalent focal length of 53mm. We have a great post on Fuji Lenses to check here.

Thanks to its inner focus system and stepping motor, it achieves an autofocus time of just 0.08 seconds.

The Sony 50mm works well with the full-frame Sony A7R II, and it gives you a 7-blade circular aperture for beautiful bokeh effects.

The Olympus 25mm becomes a 50mm equivalent lens, as the Olympus OM-D E-M10 Mark II works on a four-thirds cropped sensor.

We recommend checking out our article on choosing a 35mm or 50mm prime lens too.

A canon camera with the 50mm nifty fifty prime lens on top of its packaging box

A note from Josh, ExpertPhotography's Photographer-In-Chief:

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Craig Hull

Craig is a photographer currently based in Budapest. His favourite photographic areas are street and documentary photography. Show him a darkroom and he'll be happy there for days. As long as there are music and snacks. Find him at and Instagram/craighullphoto

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