Why you Should use a Frame within a Frame
Using a frame within a frame is a great way to lead your viewers’ eyes into a photo. This can add depth and context, as well as drawing their attention to a defined point.
A photo of a scene with a foreground feature makes for a much more interesting build up to the main region of a photo and can, in some cases, carry equal weight to the rest of the photo.
The technique of framing within a frame is somewhat underused as a method of drawing attention to a particular point in an image as it can be remarkably effective.
The idea is to choose part of your scene to be the subject, then find a shape within the photo (usually in the foreground) that will ‘hold’ it. Here’s the simplest way of demonstrating this below.
Foreground frames are the simplest way of using a frame within the frame of the photo but there are subtler, more imaginative ways to do this too.
The most important thing is what I always suggest: think before you shoot.
Have a good look around at what can and can’t be used and decide how you want to compose your shot. The more you do this, the faster you’ll be and the better your shots will come out.
Below is an example of using multiple frames in a shot that form part of the background. Framing from the background reinforces the subject and leads the eyes in an obvious order. Here, the empty frames balance the rest of the photo.
Leading The Eye
Frames are great at leading the eye in a particular direction or towards the subject. Half frames can be just as effective at this as full frames, as in the photo below.
The lines along the left and bottom encourage your eyes towards the center of the image, whilst the vertical line converging with the diagonal give you direction. The eye is drawn towards the center of the image before working its way outwards.
One of the best reasons to use a frame is to provides depth. This can be encouraged and accentuated by use of a shallow depth of field, as in the photo above.
Another way to reinforce a sense of depth is by repetition, clearly demonstrated in the photo below. It’s easy to create depth in a photo by using two or more objects (like the door frames below) that we know to be the same height, placing one further away than the other.
As we well know this makes the object appear smaller, which provides us with a sense of depth.
Once you’ve worked out how to lead the eye using frames and understand a frame’s effect on depth, it’s easy to create a path for your eye to be led down, as shown in the photo below. The repeating frames start to diminish the further away they get; a great way of drawing your eye to a single point.
Now, if you’ve read my post on metering modes, you’ll understand how a camera looks at a scene: if it sees a single bright point in the center, it’s likely to try and expose for that, resulting in the frame appearing underexposed.
This can has its creative uses but be careful if it’s not the look you’re trying to achieve, like in the photo below.
There’s a distinct difference between the overexposed and underexposed areas of the photo and there’s very little to be done about it without going into complicated photoshop techniques. Put your camera into manual mode and find an exposure that you’re comfortable with.
Making the Frame an Equal Part of The Photo
If the frame is particularly interesting, don’t neglect it; use it.
I found this run down old building in Greece. The window frame was so knackered and full of character that I considered it just as important as the view through it.
This provides the photo with a sense of location and interest, rather then just a scenic view. It leads the viewer’s eyes to look through the window, something people are used to doing.
A note from Josh, ExpertPhotography's Photographer-In-Chief:
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