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Orange and blue is the most common color combination in photography. Do you know why? 

It’s all about color theory. And how color in photography is a powerful tool to control the mood and grab the viewer’s attention.

This article will look at when and how to use orange and blue to improve your photos. 

A blue and orange themed flat lay including oranges and teacups on a chalkboard

Color Theory 101

Color theory is a set of practical guidelines on visual effects of color combinations. It explains things like:

  • how to mix colors;
  • why certain colors are aesthetically pleasing;
  • how to find pairings most suitable for your particular goal.

Color theory is a visual design element that we can use to create interest in our image. It uses the color wheel to represent the relationships between colors.

The color wheel shows how colors are organized by hues. And it provides the most common types of color pairings.

These are analogous colors, complementary colors and monochromatic colors.

Diagram showing various color schemes

Complementary Colors

These are opposite each other on the color wheel. The three traditional sets of complementary colors are:

  • red and green;
  • yellow and purple;
  • orange and blue.

They come from the model where the primary colors are red, yellow and blue. Other color models produce different complements.

In the additive model (RGB, the model from your monitor and phone) the primary colors are red, green and blue.

So the complements are green and magenta, red and cyan, and blue and yellow.

Table with tea cup, autumn leaves, apples and an open notebook with herbs. Dark food photography. Still life with rain.

Basic color theory states that the more different two colors are, the more contrast they produce.

Complementary colors offer the greatest contrast. They reinforce each other’s brightness while preserving color balance. Simply put, they pop.

Analogous and Monochromatic Colors

Complementary colors are powerful and intense. Nowhere is this more obvious than when comparing them with other color schemes.

Analogous color schemes use colors that are next to each other on the color wheel. They harmonize with one another really well.

Analogous colors are perfect for discreet and unobtrusive photos.

If you need an image with a serene and calm look, use analogous colors.

Bright and airy still life using analogous colors green and blue

Shades of green and blue without obvious color contrast

Monochromatic colors are derived from a single base hue and extended using shades, tones and tints. This tone-on-tone approach is another way to create highly pleasing effects.

It helps the viewer to make sense of an image quicker. Your brain can understand the overall mood in a split second.

Monochromatic color schemes are perfect for images where you don’t want one element to stand out.

A flat lay using monochromatic color scheme based on natural shades of coffee

An example of monochromatic color scheme based on natural shades of coffee

Why Use Orange and Blue in Photography

Using contrasting colors is an easy way to make your image stand out. This works with different color pairings. But for some reason, the combination of orange and blue is the most notable one.

This color scheme is also know as ‘orange and teal’ or ‘amber and teal’ between filmmakers.

There are many reasons for using it. Let’s take a look at them one by one.

An aerial view of a beach using the color scheme orange and blue

Photo by Alex Perez on Unsplash

Orange and Blue Have the Highest Contrast

Orange and blue are not only opposite each other on the color wheel. They have the highest contrast between their exposures.

None of the other complimentary colors combinations will result in a higher contrast.

Set your color wheel to grayscale. And see how orange and blue transform into shades of gray with the most recognizable contrast. 

This helps our brain to recognize objects with the smallest effort. Our brains love simplicity. 

Creative profession workplace with empty coffee cups, crumpled paper balls and pencil shavings on a colorful blue background. Minimalist inspiration concept using orange and blue color scheme

Blue and Orange Carries Emotional Weight

Blue and orange are powerful colors even if used in a monochromatic color scheme. But include both in the same image and you’ll maximize the power of this combination.

The cold of the blue tones emphasizes the warmth of the orange ones. And vice versa.

A forced perspective photo of a persons hand reaching toward hot air balloons using orange and teal color scheme

Photo by Şahin Yeşilyaprak on Unsplash

Besides, fiery orange and cool blue are associated with opposing concepts. Unlike other pairs of complementary colors.

They represent warmth and cold, earth and sky, land and sea, fire and ice.

This extends to more abstract concepts as well. Like passion and indifference.

A persons hand spread out in water using orange and blue color scheme

Photo by Bárbara Montavon on Unsplash

It’s Close to Ambient Light

Natural light ranges from cool blue to warm orange, depending on the light source. Warm orange light against a blue sky is the definition of the golden hour.

The orange and blue duet appears a lot in nature even though you might not be aware of it.

But once you start thinking about it, it’s everywhere!

A fisherman fishing off the rocks, landscape shot using orange and blue color scheme

Photo by Steve Halama on Unsplash

Close to Human Skin Colour

Pushing blues into the shadows will make skin tones stand out from the rest of the image.

You can turn up the shadows to the cyan end and the highlights to the orange. Voila!

Your model can be visually separated from the background and the image is easy to understand.

Atmospheric portrait of a female model using orange and blue color in photography

Photo by Ronaldo Oliveira on Unsplash

How to Use Orange and Blue in Photography

Orange and blue are great when used on purpose. If it’s used automatically, without thought, it becomes a disaster. You don’t want your photo to look like a frame from Transformers 2.

Actually, there’s a strong parallel between photography and movies. Some filmmakers use orange and blue to distinguish day and night, interiors and exteriors, and reflect different moods.

Other color everything in orange and blue because it looks cool. You want to be like Wes Anderson. Not Michael Bay.

So, how can we do it?

Autumn geometry. Wooden triangular ruler with compasses, autumn leaves and berries on a dark wet background with water drops. Still life with school supplies. September flatlay. using orange and blue color scheme

Experiment With Color Blocking

The best way to get a sense of color is to experiment with bold colors and geometric shapes. Color blocking is loud color combinations, vibrant hues, and strong graphic elements.

Pick a background, orange or blue. Pick some objects of a contrasting color. And try to arrange them in a minimalist composition.

It could be a balance between two bright tones or a single pop of color. An orange on a blue plate. A blue napkin with apricots.

A redhead against the blue sky. A man in a broad-brimmed blue hat.

Start simple, keep basic geometric forms in mind and see where it will lead you.

Flat lay using colored paper and painted plywood as tools for orange and blue color blocking experiments

Here I use colored paper and painted plywood as tools for my color blocking experiments

For this series, I used brightly colored props. I looked at the tone of the teapot and cups. Then I decided to make them pop against a complementary colored background.

To add some variety to my palette, I cut out a couple of red paper circles and scattered them through the scene.

The result is a simple eye-catching image.

A blue and orange themed triptych using colorful props

Colorful props + vibrant paper = eye-catching image

Use Orange and Blue for a Natural Look

You may want your photo to have a more balanced, natural look. But at the same time to save the appeal of the high color contrast.

In that case, you can look for objects with naturally bright colors. Designers often complain that orange and blue images look the same.

Granted, movie posters with orange people against abstract blue backgrounds are to blame. But we can do better than that!

Look for blue and orange details. Food photography is a good option here, like maple syrup drizzled over blueberry pancakes.

Puff pastry breakfast with tea and honey - food photo triptych using orange and blue colors

Using non-exaggerated, natural shades of blue and orange

Use Orange and Blue for Your Point of Interest

Make sure the dominant detail is the one you wish to emphasize most. The first step is to pick the color of an object and the color of the background.

The most important thing to note is this question. What’s the brightest, most colorful, or most saturated element of your scene?

Choose the object that will attract the viewer’s attention and determine the feel of the image. And then match it with the contrasting background.

For example, look for a blue surface and make an orange object your main hero.

Coffee splash in a vintage porcelain cup on a stack of dishes and tea saucers. Dynamic food photography in motion. Kitchen mess with high-speed liquid motion, using orange and blue color scheme

Spots of warm color correspond to the main point of interest

My favorite model here is tea. It has this warm glowing look that makes me smile every time I see it. Pair it with autumn leaves or cookies, and you get a gorgeous picture.

It could be a sky-blue paper or a dark-blue wood. The important thing here is to match the saturation.

If your blue is washed-out, your orange should be rather pale too. And match a vibrant shade of blue with a vibrant shade of orange.

Autumn hot tea with ginger and cinnamon in a glass tea cup on a wet wooden background with copy space. Rainy autumn concept with fallen leaves and letters

Use Contrast to Highlight the Details

You don’t have to use orange and blue for the entire surface of your image. You can keep the background neutral and use spots of color to create the contrast.

Keep your composition in warm tones and add some bright blue details. These tiny details will make your image come to life.

A conceptual 'Midnight cookie theft' flat lay using fun props and orange and blue colors

My favorite example is this ‘Draw Your Home’ series I made.

I created a still life photo using craft paper with a flat layout as background. I used warm colors for most of the props: papers, hands, wooden boxes.

But pops of blues (pencils, tiles, swatches) added a much-needed contrast. They also provided color balance.

Overhead shot of a person looking through color pantones - colors that contrast with blue

Main palette here is warm, but little spots of cold blue add contrast and diversity

Another way is to shoot the orange and blue duet against a dark background. This way they can work together on equal terms. You don’t have to overdo it though.

Try orange tea with bluish steam. This still lies in amber and teal spectrum but looks non-processed and natural.

Splash of tea in a double wall glass with sugar Tetris pieces. 8-bit video game in real life concept with copy space. Creative action food photography. using colors that contrast with blue

My favorite example here is candlelight and smoke. The warm orange of a candle fire and cold misty blue of rising smoke create a natural contrast.

And it makes your picture fascinating to look at.

This doesn’t work only with candles.

Sparklers and fairy lights look interesting even by themselves. But pair them with spots of blue, and the entire image looks magical!

Wizard or witch workplace with burning candles, herbs, vintage wooden boxes and smoke. Dark fantasy still life with blue and orange color scheme

Glass bottles are essentially colorless, but I added a bluish tinge to them in post-processing

Magical still life diptych focused on orange and blue colors

Don’t Use the Brightest shades of Orange and Blue

You don’t have to work with the brightest shades of orange and blue to create visual contrast.

A draemy overhead shot of a person reading a book white sitting among autumn leaves
You’ve decided you’re going to use orange as your background color. This may seem a little intense.

But wooden backgrounds also lie on the orange spectrum. So does craft paper. Or autumn leaves.

Flying magical book with smoke - still life using colors that contrast with blue

Old paper and smoke are not that vibrant, but they still contrast with each other

Notes and Keepsakes is one of my favorite photos. I used wooden background and a couple of craft paper notebooks to set the warm and cozy mood.

Flat lay still life with the theme ' Notes and keepsakes'

The rest of the little props are sky blue. Natural wooden shades can be a great replacement for a vibrant orange.

It still contrasts with darker shades of blue. But has a more tamed and well-balanced feeling.

How to Add Some Variety to Your Palette

Don’t limit your palette to these two colors. You can base color contrast on orange and blue, but add objects of other hues to provide variety.

In food photography, you can contrast the color of your main dish with other big elements of your composition. Such as a serviette, a glass, or freshly cut flowers.

But minor details like scattered berries or herbs can differ from your main palette. And the green of the herbs can bring out a very subtle contrast of pastel shades of orange and blue.

Fun photography triptych demonstrating use of contrasting colors in photography

Adding spots of red and pink

Try Other Complementary Colors

Other types of color contrast can play the lead in your experiments too. Red and green is another common combination. So is purple and yellow.

Fun photography triptych demonstrating use of complimentary colors in photography

Light shade of blue and pink, a gorgeous combination

I like to diverge from the straight line between two complementary color. This means pairing light blue not with orange, but with pink.

There are many types of hues and tints that you can use within the wheel to personalize your color choice.

Pink donut with freeze-dried raspberry and a dymanic splash of pink glazing on a vibrant blue background, Flying food concept with blue and pink color scheme

Color theory is complicated and versatile, but there are no fixed rules to go by. Basic facts about color can provide insight into your choice of palette. But the actual guidelines are much more nuanced.

Feel free to experiment and discover your own unique color palettes!

Table with tea cup, autumn leaves, apples and an open notebook with herbs. Dark food photography. Still life with rain.

A note from Josh, ExpertPhotography's Photographer-In-Chief:

Thank you for reading...

CLICK HERE if you want to capture breathtaking images, without the frustration of a complicated camera.

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Thanks again for reading our articles!

Dina Belenko

There is one phrase I always use to introduce myself, it describes me precisely: "My name is Dina and I tell animate stories about inanimate objects". I'm a person with little paper cities, sugar cubes, moon from polymer clay, doll's miniatures, broken cups, handmade Rube Goldberg machine, repainted puzzles, wire trees, cardboard dragons and spilled coffee. And with a photo camera. That's quite essentially me. You can see more of my work here: https://www.instagram.com/dinabelenko/

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