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How to Refine Edges in Photoshop

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Making selections of people in Photoshop is not easy. Thankfully, Photoshop has tons of features, such as the Refine Edge tool to help you finish the job quicker.

The Refine Edge tool makes this task a lot easier, especially when you have to select hair or fur.

Are you excited to learn how to refine edges in Photoshop CC 2019? I’ll teach you all the steps you need to do in this article.

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Photo by Tranmautritam from Pexels

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How to Refine Edges in Photoshop CC

It’s best to pick a simple image if you want to learn how photoshop smooth edges. Pictures with a uniform background are perfect for practising with the refine edge tool.

Keep away from images with busy backgrounds until you’ve got the hang of it.

I’ll use this photo to photoshop the smooth edges of the girl and remove the background.

A portrait of a female model against a white background

Step 1: Make a Selection

Start with making a rough selection of your subject. I’ll use the Quick Selection Tool. But you can also try the Magic Wand Tool and the Object Selection Tool.

The selection doesn’t have to be perfect, but make sure not to leave out large parts.

Screenshot of making a quick selection in Photoshop to edit a portrait of a female model

Step 2: Open Refine Edge

Where is Refine Edge in Photoshop? This feature can be difficult to find, especially after the recent updates. But here’s what you need to do:

First, go to Select in the menu and click on ‘Select and Mask…’

The Refine Edge window will pop up.

A screenshot showing how to use the refine edge tool in Photoshop on a portrait of a female model

Step 3: Select a View Mode

Select a view mode of Refine Edge, depending on the colours of the photo you are using. In my case, the white background is perfect to see the selection and what I’m doing.

Use different modes to learn which work best for the selection you want to make.

A screenshot showing how to refine edges in Photoshop on a portrait of a female model

Step 5: Adjust the Edges

The selection in my example is OK but far from perfect. There are still grey areas in the hair, and the edges are rough. Adjusting the edges will fix this.

Start with Radius. Y the most when refining edges in Photoshop. Increase the value of the slider to make the edges of the selection softer and more natural.

For the most part, the Radius determines the final result.

A screenshot showing how to refine edges in Photoshop on a portrait of a female model

Use the four other sliders in the Refine Edge window to get the best and most natural result:

The Smooth slider smooths out the edges. Keep it low because it takes away from your selection. In my example, I used this slider to smoothen the edges of the hair.

The Feather slider helps to blend the selection more into its eventual background. Keep it low as well.

The Contrast slider adds more definition to your edge. Using too much will create harsh edges.

Move the Shift Edge left or right to shrink or expand the selection.

Step 4: Refine Selection

So what if the Refine Edge tool fails to make a precise selection? If so, then you’ll need to refine your selection.

The first tool you’ll need is the Quick Selection Tool, which you’ll find in the Select and Mask box. Press Shift+left click to add areas to your selection. And press Alt+left click to remove details you don’t want to include.

If you still have trouble getting a precise selection, then it’s time to use the Lasso tool.

First, press OK to get out of the Select and Mask box. Now choose between the Lasso, Polygonal, and the Magnetic Lasso to create a selection.

Hold the Shift key and click around a section you want to add.

Now hold the Alt key and click around the section you want to remove. Make sure you make your selection as precise as possible. So follow all the corners and the edges.

Now you might be asking, why not let Refine Edge Tool do the job? If your selection is too rough, it may end up creating inaccurate samples. It would help a lot if you allow the Refine Edge Tool to see the “edge” better by creating a precise selection.

Step 5: Output Your Selection

Before you output, you can check Decontaminate Colors to remove colour fringe. This step is necessary when your subject is against a contrasting colour background.

Select one of the output options to finalise the selections. Usually, New Layer with Layer Mask is the best option. It allows you to edit the section even further without losing the original photo.

A screenshot showing how to refine edges in Photoshop on a portrait of a female model

And here’s the result of using Refine Edge in Photoshop on another background.

A portrait of a female model with eyes closed

How to Select Objects in Busy Backgrounds

Using the Refine Edges tool in Photoshop for busy backgrounds requires the same steps.

The only issue is that your selection tools will have a difficult time selecting the edges of your subject. So you’ll need to go in and manually adjust the details for a more precise selection. But as long as you have a clean selection, you shouldn’t have any problems using the Refine Edge Tool at all.

Conclusion

There’s no better way to select hair or fur than using the Refine Edge tool in Photoshop.

Practice with subjects on different backgrounds. The background affects how difficult making the selection will be. Start with uniform backgrounds and then move on to the busy and colourful ones.

Share your results in the comments!

Next, why not check out our tutorial on using the displacement map in Photoshop.

Try our Effortless Editing with Lightroom course to become an editing expert! 

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