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How to Show an Accurate Sense of Scale in Photography

Last updated: March 13, 2024 - 7 min read
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We look at life with two eyes, but our cameras record things through a single lens. This can make it difficult to represent a sense of scale in photography in an accurate way.
Here are a few ideas to help you show a sense of scale in your photographs.

How to Show Scale in Photography

Depending on your intention, you may or may not want to give an indication of the scale of what’s in your picture.
Sometimes it’s fun to give an illusion of the size of elements in photos being bigger or smaller than they are. This is called forced perspective.

Overhead view of painted doll heads
© Kevin Landwer-Johan

Most often, you will probably want your pictures to show things the way they are. To do this, keep these three things in mind:

Each of these three things works in conjunction with the other two. They either provide a realistic sense of scale or warp it.

Overhead view of a hand painting a doll heads showing a sense of scale in photography
© Kevin Landwer-Johan

Attach a standard lens and consider your point of view to show the relationship (including a recognizable reference element) between things. By doing this, you’re more likely to show a realistic sense of scale in your photographs.
Opt for a wide or telephoto lens and find a creative position to isolate elements. Doing this can distort perspective.
Let’s take a look at each of these three conditions that work together to influence how we perceive scale in a two-dimensional image.

How Your Point of View Influences Scale in Photography

Your point of view is something you need to consider when you want to show scale in your photography.
Our brain calculates what we see. It references it to what we’ve seen in the past. This is how we recognize things and instinctively know how big they are.

A group of people crossing a wooden bridge
© Kevin Landwer-Johan

If you’re far away, a tall building or tree may not appear very big when you photograph it. But imagine standing at the base of the same building or tree with your camera pointing up at it. The photo will give a very different impression of its size.
Similarly, mountains might appear small from a distance. Sometimes, when you are too close to a mountain, you cannot photograph it. It’ll be obscured by the foothills no matter how big it is.
If you’re above the mountain, looking down at it from a plane or helicopter, your photographs will not give any clues as to its size.
You may be torn between taking photos close up or standing further back. Closer up, you can make a more dramatic-looking photo. However, it may not provide accurate visual information about the scale of what’s in the picture.
Standing further back, you will more likely make photos that show the scale better. But they might not be as dramatic.
The easy solution is to take two or more photos to illustrate the scene. You can display or share the two images side by side to show how the scene appears and the way you see it.
You must be very deliberate about where you take your photos from. This is one of the most important considerations. Your point of view has a huge impact on your photograph. Not solely for scale photography but for every photograph you take.
Aerial view of a group of people crossing a wooden bridge
© Kevin Landwer-Johan

How Perspective Affects Scale Perception

A very low or very high perspective will often influence our perception of scale in photographs.
Lying on the ground and photographing small objects can make them look larger than they are.

A ship tied to a bollard showing a sense of scale in photography
© Kevin Landwer-Johan

Being up above something and looking directly down at it will make the object appear smaller.
People nearly always stand to take photos. This produces a very normal perspective. It’s how we see the world most commonly. Changing your perspective higher or lower offers a lot of shot variety.

Best Lenses for Showing Accurate Scale in Photos

Whether you prefer a zoom or prime lens, your choice of focal length will affect the sense of scale in your images.
Pushing to either extremes—super wide or super telephoto—you will see a warped sense of scale in your photographs.
These types of lenses provide a different perspective than what we are used to seeing.

A dead tree in the middle of a lake
© Kevin Landwer-Johan

Standard Lenses

A standard lens will most often provide you with an accurate sense of scale in your photos.
The technical definition of standard lenses is one where the focal length is about the same measurement across the diagonal of the digital sensor or film.
On a full-frame camera, this would be 43mm. A 35mm or 50mm lens is usually the closest prime lens. On a sensor with a crop factor of 1.5, this would be a 30mm lens.
Most 50mm lenses are considered “normal” lenses on a full-frame camera. But this lens actually captures a narrower field than what we see with our eyes. Using a zoom lens at 43mm allows you to photograph more accurately with a “normal” focal length.
Use this to show a true sense of scale in your photographs.

Telephoto Lenses

Longer lenses tend to compress distances in photographs. This gives a distorted impression of how far away from the camera things are and can affect our perception of their size.
Getting far enough away from large things like tall buildings, long bridges, or towering mountains can prove challenging. A long lens is not often practical for such types of photography.
Using a long lens can lead to misconceived ideas about the scale of them. Longer lenses tend to isolate, showing less background and surroundings.
This can lead to things appearing larger than they are or leaving their size ambiguous.

A man rowing a wooden boat in a lake in the foreground of a tree
© Kevin Landwer-Johan

Wide Lenses

You need to be careful using wide lenses when you want to display an accurate sense of scale in your photos.
A wide-angle lens is a natural choice for many photographers who want to show a sense of scale in photography. But using a wide lens and including an element in the foreground can lead to a confusing sense of scale.
Whatever is close to you and included in a wide-angle composition will appear larger than it is. The wider the lens, the more the distorted sense of scale.
Things that are farther away from you will appear much smaller when you have a wide-angle lens on your camera.

Include the Human Element to Portray Scale in Your Photos

Including a person in a photograph is the most reliable way to give a sense of scale.
This is because we instinctively know how big a person is. We can make an easy comparison.

A golden temple including a person in a photograph is the most reliable way to give a sense of scale
© Kevin Landwer-Johan

Exterior view of Chedi temple
© Kevin Landwer-Johan

You can use anything that is easy to recognize to provide a sense of scale to your compositions.
Things like trees can vary in size and might not be as easy to recognize. Whereas an adult human’s size is readily perceived.
A clear size reference included in compositions gives our brains the information we need.
This is particularly important when we look at a two-dimensional photo where we have no accurate depth perception.


Scale in photography is an important element. Use it to make your compositions more accurate. Or use it for creative photography with forced perspectives.
The tips in this article will help you show scale in your photos or radically distort it. Use both techniques to your advantage to make your work stand out!