Black and white photography is the oldest style of photography. Every photograph that you can think of, has the potential to be black and white.
It depends on your imagination and a few key skills. Every area of photography, from landscape to portraiture, have their own set of requirements when it comes to B&W photography.
This post will take you through each of them and show you how to make the most of black and white photography.
Photographers have very different ideas in mind when they decide whether to shoot black and white or color.
Textures and contrast are stronger in black and white. Black and white can bring out emotions more strongly than color by removing distractions from a portrait. But color can make you focus on a particular feeling, like warm or cold.
This article can help you choose between black and white, and color, based on what you want to achieve.
Black and White Photography: General
Some of the most famous photographers in the world continue to work with black and white photography.
Here are 12 of the best black and white photography quotes to give you an insight into their world and processes.
If you’re looking for inspiration, you’re in the right place. We have collected the nine best black and white photographers to help you through your creative block.
There is a whole world out there of alternative processes. Alternative meaning they drift from the usual color and black and white digital or film photography.
Most of these need chemicals and special materials, plus some time and energy to power through the trial-and-errors. The digital renditions of these processes just don’t do them justice.
Try these today and start with the information from our article.
You might think that monochrome and black and white are terms that mean the same thing. While black and white images CAN BE monochromatic, they aren’t the same thing.
A monochrome image means a capture of ‘one-color’. This can be green, red, or blue, for example. A black and white image already contains two colors, but it can be made monochromatic.
Strip away the contrast and the stark difference and you are left with a tonal range of grey. For more information, you need to go through our article here.
Portraits are taken on anything from a smartphone to a large format camera with a digital back, but as DSLRs are the most used, we will focus there.
In this article, you can find a comprehensive list of what you should be looking for in a DSLR. Whether for portrait photography or anything else, it takes pricing and level of experience into account.
Some specific street photography cameras have fixed lenses, such as the Ricoh GRII 28 mm view, and they cant be changed. If your camera has the ability to change its lens, what would your focus be and how much of the street would you like to see?
Photographers using DSLRs choose anything from wide-angle lenses, such as 11-16 mm, to moderate telephoto lenses, such as 85 mm. In this article, you can find lots of information about what the possibilities are and how to use them.
Photographic filters are there to help you make the most of your landscape, architectural, or long exposure photography.
Some have the capacity to stop some of the light so that a long-exposure is possible. Others add detail into otherwise overexposed skies and well-lit areas. Black and white photography is no different, and colored filters can help enhance it.
The standard Polarising, UV and ND/GND filters are often attributed to color photography. Yet they are also very useful with black and white.
There are countless arguments whether to stick to the origins of photography and shoot with film or join the modern era and only use digital. The choice, at the end of the day, is down to you.
Each of these has very different workflows, equipment and mindsets to get you to the same final stage: the photograph.
The two differ a lot in cost, the amount of time and space you will need as well. It even comes down to whether you want to see the image as soon as you take it, or have the patience to wait with the film.
Black and White Film Photography
The first black and white analog film was available in 1889. This means almost 130 years of research and development going into the film that you can buy today.
They shoot in as many different scenarios as you can think of, at many different speeds. There are also specialist items, such as infra-red.
The downside is that you might want to digitalize the images. You will need a scanner for this, at an extra cost.
Many enthusiasts and professionals still use film in their photography. They show us that film has definitive qualities still unmatched by the world of digital photography.
The film of a camera is the flour in a cake. Do you want it fluffy or dense? With gluten or gluten-free? When it comes to photography, every film has a different purpose. Contrast, tones, detail and amount of available light can all affect the kind of film you use.
In this article, we look at photographs in black and white, and how it differs from digital. Also, what you should be focusing on to get the best out of your images.
If you want to go the extra mile and create black and white images completely by hand, then this article is for you. Developing film at home doesn’t have to be expensive or complicated.
You don’t always need a darkroom, with running water, an enlarger and red-light to make your own black and white images.
A darkroom might give you full control, but there are ways to work around not having one. Using a scanner to digitalize your work will keep all the film qualities, like grain, intact.
If you are looking for something a little more creative in the analog world, look no further than this article. So if you want to emulate Ansel Adams, tintype photography is what you will be looking for!
Here we have a very in-depth look at 8 different styles you can create using either different processes or chemicals for that unique final image.
How To Shoot Black and White Photography
If you photograph only in color, black and white photography needs a little shifting of your focus and attention. Before, you looked at complementing colors and effective white balance. Now, contrast, highlights and things like texture become more important.
Do you want to shoot in color and convert the image in post-processing or go to in-camera black and white? This article helps you to answer these questions and shows you the fundamental ideas you need to think about and get you on the right path.
The most popular way to use your DSLR for black and white photography is to use it for color and then convert the images later, during post-processing. There are ways to change in-camera settings to allow yourself to photograph straight to black and white.
This allows you to focus on important things, such as light and contrast and not get distracted by color.
If you follow these steps, not only will you know how to change your picture style, but also how to keep the color information. This allows you to always revert back to the color original. It is particularly important for post-processing, as no image data is lost.
Black and white photography is as old as the first-ever image recorded. Color didn’t come along until James Clerk Maxwell figured out how to capture scenes through a series of filters.
But, even with this advancement of image capturing, we continue to shoot in monochrome black and white. It clearly has advantages and an aesthetic that many continue to enjoy using.
Our first tip is to look at the texture in your scene. Here, it is more important as the viewers will notice patterns and the character of the areas easily.
For all other tips connected to black and white photography, read our article.
These advanced tips are to help you look past all the basic ideas which cover most aspects of photography. The camera gear, equipment, and accessories are things that help you take better photographs.
These tips are there to help you gain deeper knowledge, looking at a possible message, experience or emotion you want to portray.
This article helps where and when to use things such as micro-contrast. Also how to effectively use and place the blackest areas of the photograph in relation to the mid-tone grey areas. Your photographs will benefit immensely.
Low key images concentrate on the ‘key’ light and are the opposite of high key images. Here, you’ll work with making the subject and environment darker, utilizing black backgrounds and slithers of light.
Monochrome comes from keeping the image in a range of greys between contrasted black and whites. Highlights and shadows make for an interesting image.
All the information you need in capturing these images is here, in our article.
Black and White Landscape Photography
There are many things that need to be rethought when you change from color to black and white landscape photography. The lack of color is a huge factor, the golden hour isn’t such a strong time to photograph, and now sunsets and sunrises become mediocre.
Now your mind has to switch to look at highlights and shadows, tonal ranges, textures and contrast to get that wow factor and the best out of your images.
Photographing landscapes requires a different set of skills than other areas of photography.
In this field, you are looking to capture as much detail as possible while keeping a high resolution. The important things in this field are using live view, knowledge of dynamic ranges and knowing how to use your DSLR’s sensor.
A full-frame DSLR is a top choice as it provides the best performance when accounting for cost, usability, and control over quality. So when they are all combined, this gives you the best route for stunning, dynamic images.
The cost of lenses can range from $200 to $2000 and some of you might think that the higher the cost, the better the lens. This is true most of the time. There are also other factors that need to be considered.
All types of lenses are made to different requirements; some focus on light, others on chromatic aberrations and other unwanted effects.
All the little motors and processors add a higher cost to the lenses, along with the equipment used to make them. The design and machines needed to create a lens at f/2 will be more expensive than a lens of f/4.
And sometimes the cheapest lens can be amazing and the most expensive can be disappointing. The article above will show you what the best lenses for landscape photography are, and give you the tools needed to choose the best one for yourself.
Black and White Portrait Photography
Ted Grant once said “If you want to shoot fashion, shoot in color, but if you want to shoot emotion, shoot in black and white”
Black and white portraiture brings the vision of the image back to its basic and most truthful state. It also stops color and chaotic scenes from distracting you and stealing your focus.
What will you be photographing? Large groups of people in a studio setting? Standalone subjects with a bokeh background outdoors? Are you looking to use a wide range of lenses or one versatile lens, that can cover many different scenarios?
Head on over to this extensive article for an in-depth idea of what you should be looking for when shopping for portraiture lenses. It takes into account all the specifications and information you will need.
Headshots are the act of capturing a portrait but only of the head and shoulders. These are used professionally for model portfolios and corporate identity. They show the person behind the curtain in a masterful manner.
To create them isn’t as difficult as you would think. Like everything else, time, patience and a little raw talent go a long way. You’ll need a location, either ad hoc or in a studio, where a controllable light source is a necessity.
Read our article here to get started. You’ll be shooting headshots in no time. we can also help with the background.
Hollywood needs no description. In its heyday, during the studio system of the 1940s, this area of California had a very specific style. Dramatic, high in contrast, and emotional. These images were powerful.
This type of photography is very heavy with the concept of mise en scène. Make-up, hair, clothing, and styling is very important to re-create the idea of blemish-free perfection. Also, a black and white conversion is also important.
Mixed with the right poses and expressions, you can come up with strong, contrasted images. the first step is to read our article.
Antoniou Platon is a renowned British portrait photographer. His specific style is so distinct, you know who the photographer is just by looking at one image.
His high-key portraits of celebrities, politicians and famous figures come in (mainly) two colors; black and white. These contrasted images are relatively simple to try.
You need a white background, a light source, and our article. The latter you can find here.
Black and White Street Photography
There are many great reasons why many street photographers still choose black and white in color. These range from emulating the masters before them, to reducing chaotic scenes to a more simplified view.
Understanding black and white helps the photographer show a specific focus of the image.
Whatever the reason, this article helps to show you the benefits of shooting black and white, and how you can use this style to get better results.
Working with black and white images is not the same as working with color – both have different focuses and need different areas of attention. The Black and White photographs can benefit from colors.
Adding yellow into the image using a color mixer can affect the detail in the sky. This brings out characteristics in an otherwise overexposed segment of the image.
Also, tweaking of contrasts and highlights can have very dramatic results in a Black and White photograph.
Street photography is a very versatile topic, where photographs are taken on smartphones, all types of digital and film cameras. They all have their own advantages and disadvantages.
What are you wanting to get out of your street photography is the biggest question. This article helps you answer it by giving you a round-up of the 8 best cameras. These have the capacity of taking your street photography to the next level.
Other Black and White Photography
Weddings in black and white are a perfect balance to great image capturing and telling a story. With black and white images, you strip away the color, which can be a distraction from interesting elements in your frame.
Here, you focus more on contrast, texture and the greyscale. It means that if you plan on black and white images, you need to think about how you capture the images from the get-go.
All the help you need in in our article here. You’ll find eight reasons why black and white is a perfect choice for wedding photography.
As we have seen so far, black and white photography concentrates on different attributes than that of color. Architectural or Fine Art black is no different. In this article, we suggest that your photographic vision or idea needs to come from a ‘black and white mind’.
This is, in essence, knowledge of what is important in what you want to photograph, and what you need to emphasize. Focusing on the scene, subject, point of view, light conditions to create the best images.
Still-life might be a good place to start for many who would like to start focusing on their black and white photography. This starts at home or in a quiet environment and can give you time and space to practice before jumping into a more chaotic scenario.
This concise article will help take you from composition and lighting, through to post-processing treatment.
There are many types of images that work well in black and white. Portraiture is no exception, as street photography and travel photography are great examples of where monochrome is a great choice.
Watch for contrast, and ensure that your greyscale has a wide range of tones between the black and white extremes. Don’t go over the top, as the image has to sit within a correct exposure.
For all the tips you’ll need on great black and white travel photography, see our article here.
Black and White Smartphone Photography
Your phone may take great selfies and snaps of whatever you are eating, but have you thought about using it for your street photography? There are many benefits; It is less intrusive, fast and easy to use and you can edit the photographs then and there, and even share it with the world.
Black and white photographs are easy to create with apps such as Monokrom and Snapseed and can help create some impressive images.
You smartphone is a great way to photography your scene. On top of that, the power they have nowadays means they can edit quickly and efficiently. They also allow you to share the images across multiple platforms in a heartbeat.
Here, we have 10 of the best smartphone apps to help you edit on the road.
Now that we have looked primarily at DSLRs, let’s turn our attention towards mobile photography.
Shooting with your mobile is fast and easy, and now converting and processing your images into black and whites is no more difficult. This article shows you how to utilize an app to turn those images into something really dramatic.
Post-Processing Black and White Photography
All digital editing software for Mac, PC, smartphone or Android offers conversion from color to black and white. Unless you took a color photograph, converted it into black and white in a non-destructive manner, you can not revert it. The information is no longer there.
There are many ways to convert to black and white, some of which are non-destructive (allows you to go back to color if you like) but only a few ways where you can convert the image properly.
This article tells you what you should or shouldn’t be doing to get the most out of your photographs.
When it comes down to the editing of your photographs, the hardware can be just as important as the software you use. Your computer monitor will have a color management system that will show your photographs differently to the color management of the printing.
Also, where you edit the pictures is also important, creating color casts that change how you see our images.
You might think that black and white images will not be affected, but they still use color information in the grey, mid-tone areas of your work. Whatever you will be doing with your images as a final product, be it a book or an exhibition, they all need different treatments.
All cameras, except for the Leica M Monochrom, take images in color. If you want a black and white image, then you need to convert the color to a monochrome state.
There are many methods you can do this, but only a few will give you the best possible quality and tonal range.
Read our article here on how to make an image black and white, without losing quality, detail or other important factors.
The tonal range in black and white photography is one of the most important things to focus on. The range is basically the degree of how bright or how dark parts of your image are.
The bigger the tonal range, meaning the more dark and light areas there are, the more impressive the image.
Although contrast works well in both color and black and white, the latter needs it more to stand out and make a lasting impression.
Luminosity masks are a feature in Photoshop that helps you isolate areas of high light intensity in the photograph’s pixels.
With these selections, you can select areas of the photograph and only work on specific tones, not the whole image. These are great to help boost the focus and look of a specific object in your frame.
This article gives you a great rundown, from creating the masks to the finished image.
Ansel Adams said, “You don’t take a photograph, you make it”. This guide takes you through many ideas. Looking at the basic elements, what makes a great photograph and how to make it into a final, polished print.
Focusing on the basic ideas and continuing to identify, isolate and control the elements will help your photographic confidence.
Lightroom is one of the best tools out there to help you get the best from your photography. It is easy and fast to pick-up and can help with your workflow.
Presets are a great way to get very impressive images. They are also fast and easy to use and are created by photographic enthusiasts or Adobe itself.
In this article, you can get an idea of what you should be looking at when it comes to editing your work and how to achieve dramatic results.
Compared to the ease of processing images in Lightroom, Photoshop is a little more complicated and requires more learning time.
This article helps you to get the best out of your black and white image by working with color layers, filters and blending options.
The film you choose for your analog camera gave you a very distinct look. The contrast, tones and dynamic range were all different, and you chose one based on the final look you wanted.
Now, in the digital age, presets do the same thing. These are settings that are premade by photographers that allow others to use them.
Mastin Labs have some very special and powerful presets for you to use on your images. Read our review here on how to use them to get the best out of your work.
There are times where you want to add different colors in the shadows that you do in the shadows. This is exactly what split toning does.
This is a technique that existed from the film photography age and transferred to the digital one. It means you don’t have to adjust the whole image at the same time, in one go.
There are only five simple steps you need to achieve this look. Get started with our article here.
You’ve seen this technique in many places. There is even a series on Netflix called ‘World War II in color’. We are fascinated with discovering the ‘truth’, and although we associate different periods of time with black and white, it wasn’t exactly how it really was.
Photoshop Classic CC is a great place to change your black and white images into color ones. They add a new spin on an older time. And it works for architecture, street photography as well as portraiture.
You’ll find all the tips and a step by step process in our article here.