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Surreal photography challenges its admirers to change their perspectives, question their values, and create something unforgettable. This unique genre has inspired many photographers to recreate their wildest dreams.

When surrealism was still young, photographers created their own worlds using darkroom tricks and optical illusions. Today, we can create our own peculiar worlds using real-life objects (e.g. Oleg Oprisco), editing programs (e.g. Rosie Hardy), or both.

Below, you’ll find 12 prime examples of surreal photography. The images, which are as diverse as their creators, are testimonies to the value of surrealism.

No matter how simple, complicated, or unusual the surreal photography is, it has the power to influence anyone who takes the time to observe it.

Underwater Portrait

Velizar Ivanov’s work is both haunting and graceful. His portfolio is filled with surreal underwater photos, portraits, and heartwarming photos of family members.

To take this photo, Velizar asked his daughter to swim in an aquarium while he took photos through the front glass. This resulted in surreal, well-lit portraits. His daughter’s calm expression, outfit, and floating hair all create a dreamlike atmosphere, reminiscent of something you’d see on the cover of a fantasy book.

Velizar Ivanov surreal photography portrait of a girl underwater

Velizar Ivanov

Underwater Landscape

This real and unedited view was perfectly photographed by Alexandra Rose. The angle, composition, and monotonous colours all work together to create an underwater photography masterpiece. The most haunting thing about this image is the formation of the fish; together, they look like a very large tail devouring a scuba diver.

Surreal photography often features people and things submerged in water. Given the mysterious and unpredictable nature of water itself, this makes sense. Photographers like Brooke Shaden often use this technique to express fragility, change, and hope.

Stunning underwater surreal photography by Alexandra Rose

Alexandra Rose

Food & Drink

Simple colour correction transformed a food photograph into a surreal work of art. Elijah O’Donell cleverly desaturated almost every cherry and slightly increased the contrast to create an even more dramatic feel. The result is striking surreal photography whose story completely depends on your perspective. Is the cherry a reflection of loneliness, pride, or desperation?

Surreal photography allows room for the ambiguous, the strange, and the mind-boggling. Oftentimes, this leads to a lot of fascinating conversations with no definite answers. Sometimes, a simple editing tool is all it takes to create such discussions.

Elijah O'Donell overhead surreal photography of black cherries, one red, on a black table

Glamour

Closeups, discos, and aliens. These three words might come to mind when you look at this photo by Jill Heyer, who created a series of sparkling surreal photographs inspired by blacklight photography.

“We suggested that we could use the colours as sparkles to create a stunning galaxy feel. That is the outcome. We plan to do another series following real star signs on faces and bodies.”

With the help of glow-in-the-dark makeup, Jill created a series of unconventional beauty shots. Though the model‘s features are visible, her eyes are as dark as the background. The combination of obscure colours and almost inhuman features are what make this photo an ideal example of surreal photography.

Elijah O'Donell glittery close up portrait - surreal photography

Spontaneous Surreal Photography

Like Alexandra’s underwater photograph, this sureal photography image wasn’t manipulated. Since we can’t see everything, we’re not sure what is going on. Was the subject modelling or playing? Where was this taken? These questions exist only because of that tent, which was strategically placed in front of the camera. Only Earl can answer them, but he wisely chooses not to. After all, guessing is much more fun than getting the real answers. (Sometimes.)

Maybe, if the tent-like material weren’t in the way, this photo would reveal a joyful child playing outdoors. By placing a barrier between the model and camera, Earl was able to create something spontaneous and surreal: a haunting figure slowly vanishing into thin air.

This is something we can all use in our own surreal photography. If you have a semi-transparent material, place it in front of a light source and experiment with various models. Your results will all have a hint of surrealism in them.

Earl Richardson surreal photography of a persons silhouette seen through a yellow tent

Landscape

Emile Seguin’s photograph may be very simple, but it compels viewers to stare and wonder about the model, location, and style. This minimalistic approach to surreal photography isn’t as easy as it looks. Emile probably invested hours of editing work into this shot.

Bare landscapes like this are almost impossible to find in today’s world, which is why this photo stands out. Remove what the human eye is used to, and you’ll get results that will astound everyone. Removing mountains, buildings, and any other signs of life was Emile’s way of expressing isolation and an adventurous spirit.

 Emile Seguin surreal photography of a person walking through a stark white landscape

“I usually go on this lake with my kayak and my jet ski. This was my first time walking on it. Weird but very satisfying feeling.” – Emile Seguin

Photo Manipulation

This post-apocalyptic surreal photography masterpiece by Hans Eiskonen is undeniably eerie. The details — rising smoke, snow, a cloudy sky, and other details — all speak of abandonment. However, the bus seems to be the only haunted subject in Hans’s universe. Other objects, like the street lamp, suggest remaining signs of life. Why is the bus rotting in a place full of people? We can only guess.

By expertly introducing unfamiliar concepts, surreal photography turns the world upside down. This is probably why dystopian worlds are so popular. We respond to this unfamiliarity with nothing but curiosity and admiration.

Hans isn’t the only photographer who relies on extreme photo manipulation to create such detailed photos. A large percentage of photographers — Rosie Hardy, Alex Stoddard, Kyle Thompson — do this to experiment with surrealism’s limitless possibilities.

Hans Eiskonen surreal photo of a broken down bus. surreal photography

Conceptual Surreal Photography

When you look at this photo, what do you see? A frustrated student trying to prepare for an exam, a girl getting lost in her own fictional world, or something completely different?

Surreal photography has various sub-genres, like conceptual surrealism, which focuses on multiple themes using multiple objects. Photos made for this genre are filled with striking details. Unlike Emile Seguin’s work, they’re far from simple. (This doesn’t mean that Emile’s work is inferior to this genre, or that conceptual surrealism is too complicated. In surreal photography, there’s enough room for both types.)

Laci Slezak’s portrait is filled with multiple themes and lots of detailed subjects. Since the model’s face is barely visible, it’s hard to tell what she’s trying to express. While this is something that would be seen as confusing in classic portraits, it’s lovingly embraced in surreal photography.

Laci Slezak surrealism photography of a girl sitting on a bed, books flying around.

Laci Slezak

Closeup Surreal Photography Portraits

If it weren’t for the angle and concept, this photo would just be a striking portrait. However, Mickael Cresset chose to zoom in, conceal his model’s face with water, and shoot from an angle that emphasised the reflection’s movements. For these reasons, he’s a fantastic example of a surreal photographer.

Moving objects play an important role in surreal photography. Take, for example, the mesmerising beauty of long-exposure photography. Though we know what the subjects are, we can’t get enough of seeing them in silent motion. You can easily merge long-exposures with surrealism to create unique photographs.

Mickael Cresset close up portrait of a girl with the bottom half of her face underwater - surreal photography

Mickael Cresset

Conceptual Self-Portrait

As you may have noticed, surreal photography is often filled with subjects that you wouldn’t see in your everyday life. In this photograph by Natalya Letunova, a girl is silently observing three hot air balloons. Had they not been there, this photo would look much simpler.

The addition of unusual elements plays an important part in surreal photography. You don’t always need expert editing skills to add interesting objects to your simple portraits. All you need is a big imagination and the willingness to learn.

Natalya Letunova artistic photo of a girl standing in a field watching hot air balloons in the sky - surreal photography

Natalya Letunova

Architecture

More often than not, surreal photography features unusually large objects. Oliwier Gesla did this using vibrant sculptures of insects, skyscrapers, and a cloudy sky. Though it looks like a manipulated photo, it’s actually real:

“I took this photo on my way to the Eureka Sky deck which I didn’t even end up going to because the price was a bit hefty. During this day in Melbourne, I only took about 10-15 photos but I can easily say that this one is one of the all-time favorite photos that I’ve ever taken.”

What stands out the most in this photograph are the insects, which glow in comparison to their surroundings. While the story is ambiguous, the aesthetic appeal is very clear. Oliwier chose to slightly de-saturate everything but the sculptures, creating a striking composition that could only appear in our dreams.

Oliwier Gesla photo of metal wasps scaling a skyscraper - surreal photography

Oliwier Gesla

Still Life

You don’t always need sculptures, abandoned buses, or levitating books to create impressive surreal photography. Saffu’s photo of a floating umbrella proves that simple objects can be fascinating, too.

Most of Saffu’s gallery is full of stunning travel photos of the Maldives. The photo below, an experiment with surrealism, is one of his most popular images. This proves just how well people respond to surreal photography and how little you need to make something unforgettable.

Saffu photo of a yellow umbrella floating above a lake - surreal photography

Saffu

Conclusion

Since the 1920s, surrealism has been astounding people all over the world. Back then, only a select few could experiment with it. Now, anyone with a camera can recreate their wildest dreams. This opportunity has allowed millions of artists to express their deepest fears, emotions, and secrets without saying them aloud. For this reason, surreal photography isn’t going anywhere.

The most beautiful thing about surreal photography is its openness to all kinds of artists. The photos above prove that no amount of minimalism, complexity, or strangeness can stop you from contributing to surrealism. If you have a dream, you have every right to turn it into a masterpiece. Why not start now?

A note from Josh, ExpertPhotography's Photographer-In-Chief:

Thank you for reading...

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Taya Ivanova

Taya Iv is a curious bookworm, portrait photographer, and admirer of nature. Her photos have been published in international magazines and featured on book covers.

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