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How to Take Urbex Photos: A Complete Guide

Last updated: May 3, 2024 - 19 min read
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Urbex, or Urban Exploration, is a type of photography that involves exploring abandoned buildings and other man-made structures. It can be a dangerous hobby, as these places are often in disrepair and may be unsafe to explore. But for those who love the thrill of the unknown, Urbex offers an exciting opportunity to capture unique and sometimes eerie images.

In this guide, we’ll teach you the basics of Urbex photography, from finding interesting locations to capturing stunning photos in difficult conditions. We’ll also show you how to post-process your photos to bring out their best features. So whether you’re a beginner or an experienced Urbex photographer, this guide has something for you!

Best Day Backpack
Wandrd Duo Daypack Backpack
Wandrd Duo Daypack
Lightweight, compact, and robust, it offers excellent weather protection and thoughtful features. A backpack designed by photographers for photographers.

What is Urban Exploration Photography?

You can explore a city by following the main streets. You can see the famous landmarks. You can go to the biggest attractions. But that’s not urban exploration.

What is urbex, anyway?

Real urban exploration, often called ‘urbex’, is about going off the beaten path. It’s about finding those secret locations in the urban jungle.

Urbex photography is also called ‘UE photography’. ‘UE’ is short for urban exploration.

Urbex photography is about looking for the derelict and the desolate. The urbex photographer wants to find the urban wreckage of a bygone age. They want to capture the long-abandoned decaying structures in all their glory!

Cities are full of abandoned buildings. The boom and bust of history have scarred cities all around the world. There are thousands of disused hospitals, factories, housing complexes, and theme parks.

Urban exploration photography is about finding these abandoned places. And of course, taking amazing photos of them.

Urbex Photography isn’t an easy pursuit. There are many dangers involved and you can get into trouble. But for many photographers, that’s all part of the excitement.

We can’t tell you what to do, but we recommend staying within legal boundaries. If you can, ask permission to explore and always be careful. If it looks too dangerous, don’t go in.

The urbex philosophy is ‘Take nothing but pictures and leave nothing but footprints’. It’s a good maxim to follow. You’re there to explore, not make changes to the decor.

barren and damaged room in an abandoned building
Photo by Julia Joppien

The Basics of Urbex Photography

Photography has a lot of unique words and phrases. If you’re new to photography, it might feel like people are speaking a foreign language.

We have a full dictionary for general photography slang here. But you can also have a look at our guide to urban exploration terms.

Learning the lingo will help you when you go exploring with seasoned urbexers. You don’t want to turn up with the wrong equipment or at the wrong building because of a misunderstanding. Using the right terms will help you get more exposure on social media too.

photographer taking a picture of a man holding a dog
Photo by Tom Prejeant

Urbex Health and Safety

With urban exploration photography, safety is key.

If buildings have been decaying for a long time, there’s a risk of collapse. The whole ceiling might not cave in, but you could get hit with tiles or loose beams.

If you’re serious about urbex photography, you need to take safety seriously too. Pack all the safety gear you can. And make sure you wear robust clothes and shoes.

Sneaking off alone might seem exciting. But we don’t recommend it. You should never go exploring on your own. But if you do, tell someone where you’re going and when you expect to return.

light reflects off of a puddle in an abandoned building
Photo by Antonio Idini

Legal Dangers

Even standard urban and street photography have some legal conditions to consider. A photographer has rights in most countries in the world. But they can’t do anything they want.

And they can’t go anywhere they want either. If you can get permission to shoot at a specific building, great. But a lot of the time, urbex is an illegal activity.


Even abandoned places are still owned by someone. And they probably don’t want some chancer with a camera on their property.

Some buildings might have security guards. They can be an inconvenience. But my experience has shown cooperation is the best course of action if you get caught. Be polite and don’t cause trouble.

Security guards don’t have much power. All they can do is ask you to leave. But if you give them a problem, they will call the police. Then you will be in trouble.

Once the police get involved, the owner can press charges against you. A fine and some time in court is a high price to pay for a few photos.

One strategy is to approach the security guard first. They might give you permission. Or they might even give you a tour.

The laws around trespassing are different in every country. Make sure you check the local laws before you go exploring. And if you need help, ask for information on a photography forum.

a no trespassing sign on a chain link fence at dawn
Photo by Benjamin Marcello

Urban Exploration Photography Tips

Urbex photography is one of the most exciting genres. But you need to be prepared before you set out on a mission of urban exploration. And we don’t just mean prepared in terms of gear. You need to have the right knowledge and wherewithal. 

The first thing you need to be aware of is the law. In most instances, you’ll be trespassing when you’re walking around an abandoned area. That means you’re breaking the law, so you have to be comfortable about that.

Thankfully, these places are abandoned and derelict, so you’re unlikely to see other people there. However, some locations might have a security presence, so be alert.

Research locations before you go. We understand that part of the fun is going to places seldom trodden by others, but it’s important to gather some information before you head out there. Some places are simply too dangerous to explore, which is why it’s best to know that before you go. 

Safety is another top priority. These places are not safe, so take gloves, sturdy footwear, and a first aid kit. You should also avoid going alone. You’ll be very isolated if you get injured, and rescue might be difficult. 

Click this link to see the complete beginner’s guide to urban exploration photography.

sunlight shining through a skylight in an abandoned attic
Photo by Julia Joppien

Getting Started With Urban Photography

Practising your urban photography is a good way to begin urban exploration photography.

Abandoned places can be difficult and even dangerous to enter. You can build your confidence by taking photographs in common urban areas. Once you’ve conquered those, search for more remote places.

Using the right camera settings is a key element in shooting urban photography. You need to be ready for anything in these fast-paced environments, which is why we recommend program mode. It’s a semi-automatic mode that still allows you to control the exposure settings. 

Wide-angle lenses are a good choice for urban photography. Something like a 35mm prime lens give you a wide enough angle to capture plenty of detail in cramped spaces. It isn’t so wide that it has a fisheye effect, although fisheye lenses can be a fun choice too. 

Read more tips on getting started with urban photography in this detailed guide.

fire escape above a meatball shop in an urban setting
Photo by Jason Leung

Tips for Shooting Urban Landscape Photography

Shooting urban landscape photography is a great way to practice shooting urban areas. You can hone your camera skills and discover how you like to compose your urban photography.

Many cities have great viewpoints. These elevated spots give you great views of the rest of the city. It’s a great way to discover new abandoned places and future shooting locations as well as capture stunning cityscapes while you’re there.

Use the hard shapes and lines of urban spaces to your advantage. You can create abstract landscape shots using the rugged shapes of the city. Old industrial areas are great for this type of photography. But modern structures with interesting architecture are also hotspots for photographers. 

a black and white shot taken from a rooftop viewpoint
Photo by Gunnar Ridderstrom

Shoot Urban Cityscapes with Long Exposure

Shooting at night is popular among urban exploration photographers. The setting sun can completely transform a city. During the day, it’s a mass of brick and concrete. At night, the city is alive with lights and colors.

Capturing cityscapes at night isn’t easy. You need to know about long exposure photography, which is where you use slow shutter speeds. You’ll need a tripod to keep the camera steady, but this technique allows you to shoot in low-light situations. 

You can also use the long-exposure technique for daytime cityscape images. You will need a neutral density filter to reduce light transmission in the lens, but the principles are very similar. It’s a create photography style for capturing the hustle and bustle of a inner city environment. 

Take a look at our full guide to cityscape long exposure photography by clicking the link above.

sun peeking through clouds over a rooftop full of graffiti
Photo by Alice Pasqual

Improve Your Industrial Photography

Some of the abandoned buildings and structures you’ll find urbexing are old factories. Industrial settings make stunning photography locations.

For great industrial photography, factories don’t have to be abandoned. The bright flashes and dynamic movement in industrial environments can inspire excellent photographs.

But you can’t sneak into a working factory. You need permission to be there and you’ll need to wear all the necessary safety and protective gear.

Whether they’re abandoned or still running, shooting industrial settings can be great fun. And a run-down factory is a classic urbex photography location.

Click the link to see our full guide on industrial photography.

playing with the lighting in a desolate industrial factory
Photo by Ant Rozetsky

How to Find Locations for Urbex Photography

Once you’re ready for the full urbex experience, it’s time to find abandoned locations near you. There could be some hidden gems right under your nose you aren’t even aware of.

There are online groups and forums dedicated to urban exploration photography. They’re a great resource for finding locations. Experienced urbexers are willing to share loads of handy exploration tips with beginners. offers great suggestions for locations all around the world. And has hundreds of abandoned buildings all across Europe.

Google Maps is an excellent research tool. You can browse an entire city without ever leaving your sofa. All you need to do is scroll around on Google Earth.

Use local knowledge. If you’re new in town or just visiting, ask the locals. They’ll know all the best places to shoot. And they’ll usually share tips and shortcuts for getting there.

Along with the above suggestions, you can also search “how to find abandoned places” on Google.

The simplest and most fun option is to explore yourself. You can roam the city with no fixed destination. You can head to old industrial areas or you can let your curiosity lead you.

graffiti at the end of a well-lit arched hallway
Photo by Josh Dunlop

Urbex Photography Essential Gear

Urban exploration photography can be a tricky form of photography. You need to prepare yourself before heading into the concrete jungle.

Having the right gear is a vital part of urbex photography. You’ll need to have the right equipment with you when you venture out. Once you’re on location, you can’t just run back home to change your gear.

camera and headphones next to a grey jacket
Photo by Ady TeenagerInRo

Best Camera Backpack for Urbex

Every photographer needs a good camera backpack that suites their style of photography. That’s especially true with urban exploration. 

The urban explorer needs something discreet yet robust. Urbex involves sneaking around, so you don’t want a bright bag that stands out and makes you an easy target. And abandoned places are full of sharp and pointy objects, so the backpack has to be durable.

The Wandrd Duo Daypack is our top recommendation for urbex photographers. Its sleek black design is perfect for keeping a low profile. The compact size allows you to move freely in abandon spaces. And it’s incredibly durable, fully waterproof, and has padded pockets for you gear. 

Best Day Backpack
Wandrd Duo Daypack Backpack
Wandrd Duo Daypack
Lightweight, compact, and robust, it offers excellent weather protection and thoughtful features. A backpack designed by photographers for photographers.


What Do You Need in Your Urbex Backpack?

When you venture out on an urban expedition, preparation is key. And that doesn’t just mean with your camera and lens. The urban explorer’s backpack needs to have all the right urbex gear

We’ve already seen which backpack is best for urbexers, so now it’s time to take a quick look inside the backpack. 

There are some good travel tripods you can take with you. They give you more freedom when it comes to taking photos. Many tripods are small enough to not slow you down.

Something like the K&F Concept Lightweight Travel Tripod is ideal. As the name suggests, it’s lightweight and compact, making it easy to carry. It also comes with a carry case. 

A 17.6 lb / 8 kg load capacity is strong enough for any urbex camera. And a flexible ball head gives you excellent control when mounting the camera. 

A torch is vital. If you’re urbexing at night, the benefit of a torch is obvious. But even if you’re roaming in the day, a torch can be very handy. Most abandoned buildings have a lot of dark places, and a touch give you the illumination you need to explore safely. 

A headlamp is the perfect choice for urbexing. It lights your way but your hands are free to use your camera.

Sometimes an abandoned building is full of broken glass and rusty metal. This is why we recommend wearing high-quality gloves. We also recommend taking a basic first-aid kit.

man walking down a road wearing a backpack in a stylised urban scene
Photo by Enzo B

The Best Cameras for Urbex Photography

As with any photography pursuit, selecting the right camera for the job is essential.

Urban exploration involves a lot of walking. And maybe even a bit of climbing and jumping. So you need a camera that is compact and lightweight. You don’t want a big machine weighing you down.

You also want a camera that has excellent image quality. Much of the shooting you’ll be doing will be urban landscape photography, so image quality is key.

You’ll be exploring some dark corners of the city, so having a good ISO range is also something to consider.

The Olympus OM System OM-5 fits the bill perfectly. As a Micro Four Thirds camera, it’s compact and lightweight. The 20 MP standard resolution gives you excellent image quality with low noise at high ISO settings. 

It also has a high-resolution shot mode that gives you 50 MP images. You’ll need a tripod for that mode, but it’s worth it for the intense detail. It’s also durable with thorough weather-proofing. 

We also recommend the Fujifilm X-T5. A stylish mirrorless camera with an incredible 45 MP APS-C sensor. The picture quality is staggering with true to life colors and sharp details. 

It also has image stabilization, which is helpful if you like to explore without a tripod. It also has a high-resolution shot mode, although the X-T5 gives you staggering 160 MP images. 

The 4K video features are another big plus for the X-T5. You can record YouTube-worth videos of your clandestine explorations. 

For beginners, the Nikon Z50 is a suitable choice. A lightweight and compact mirrorless camera, it fits in any camera backpack. You get lovely image quality from the 20.9 MP sensor, with solid low-light performance. It’s a good option for videos and vlogs, too.

Our Top 3 Urbex Cameras
Olympus OM System OM-5
Olympus OM System OM-5
Olympus OM System OM-5
Fujifilm X-T5
Fujifilm X-T5
Fujifilm X-T5
Nikon Z50
Nikon Z50
Nikon Z50


Best Lenses for Urbex Photography

Choosing the right lens is just as important as choosing the right camera. But there’s so much information around lenses it can be difficult to get a grip on it all.

Here, we’ll give you a quick rundown of the best lenses for urban exploration photography. But if you want more information, check out our full article on understanding lenses.

A prime lens is excellent for urbex photography. They’re well suited to landscapes and street photography. These are ideal for urban explorers.

A zoom lens isn’t necessary, but it can have its advantages. When exploring abandoned places, there will be places you can’t get to. Having a zoom lens will help you get those extra difficult shots.

You’ll also need to consider the aperture range on your lens. A low aperture is necessary for low light situations so you don’t need to rely on a slow shutter speed. And you’ll have more scope when it comes to depth of field.

Your lens options are limited by the brand of camera you use. Both Nikon and Canon make fantastic lenses. 

You can see all the best street photography lenses in this link.

Our Top 3 Choices for The Best Lens For UrbexPhotography
Canon EF 50mm F/1.8 STM
Canon EF 50mm F/1.8 STM
Canon EF 50mm F/1.8 STM
Nikon AF-S NIKKOR 50mm F/1.8G
Nikon AF-S NIKKOR 50mm F/1.8G
Nikon AF-S NIKKOR 50mm F/1.8G
Sony FE Carl Zeiss Sonnar T* 35mm F/2.8 ZA SEL35F28Z
Sony FE Carl Zeiss Sonnar T* 35mm F/2.8 ZA SEL35F28Z
Sony FE Carl Zeiss Sonnar T* 35mm F/2.8 ZA SEL35F28Z


Wide-Angle Lenses

Wide-angle lenses are a valuable piece of equipment in many areas of photography. If you want a more thorough explanation of their benefits, click the link above.

Wide-angle lenses are excellent for landscapes and cityscapes. And they are popular with architecture and real estate photographers too. This makes them ideal for urban exploration photography.

You may be in abandoned buildings, but the same photography principles apply. A wide-angle lens will help you get that full-room view of that abandoned building.

With a wide-angle lens, you can be a real estate photographer by day and an urban explorer by night.

Picture Perfect Properties improves your ability to shoot buildings. It provides you with a solid foundation before moving onto urbex photography.

red brick urban scene taken with a wide angle lens
Photo by James Jeremy Beckers

Editing Your Urbex Photos

Once your exploration is over, look at your photos. Some photos might need a little touching up. Here we’ll help you with some of the major areas of post-production.

Adobe Lightroom is our favourite editing software. If you don’t have it already, we recommend that you get the program. You won’t regret it.

You can check out our ultimate guide to Lightroom here. But we also have some specific process guides to improve your urbex post-processing.

looking through the window into the courtyard of a building in ruins
Photo by Josh Couch

Correcting HDR in Lightroom

Urban locations can be a real test of your camera’s dynamic range. You can end up with detailless dark areas and blown out skies.

If your images have this problem, there’s nothing to worry about. You can use the Lightroom HDR Merge technique to improve your photos in post-processing.

HDR standards for High Dynamic Range. The Lightroom HDR Merge technique can bring definition and detail back to the affected areas.

For the full tutorial, click the link above.

a photographer touching up their shots at a desk
Photo by Glenn Carstens-Peters

Lightroom For Black and White Editing

Many urbex photographers love shooting in black and white. Abandoned buildings are full of textures and contrasts that work well with black and white photography.

When it comes to post-production, Lightroom is excellent for black and white photos. You can play with monochrome settings. And you can adjust the saturation and contracts.

Read our full article on black and white Lightroom editing by clicking on this link.

looking at the sky from the center of an apartment courtyard
Photo by Karen Uppal

Experiment With the Lightroom Presets

If you have an idea of how you want your images to look, Lightroom presets can save time in post-processing.

You can give your urbex images a distinct and uniform look. Or you can experiment with different presets. There are specific presets for street and urban photography. And there are presets for portraits and landscapes, too.

There are hundreds of free presets in Lightroom. Lucky for you, we’ve compiled a list of our favourites.

To see the full list of free Lightroom presets, click on the link above.

cowboy boots resting against a chair at an undisclosed location
Photo by Nathan Wright

Lens Correction in Lightroom

Lens distortion can be a problem with any kind of photography. Urban exploration photography is no different.

You can’t always rely on the light sources on location. And you might not have the exact lens you need for a particular shot.

But lens distortion doesn’t have to ruin your set of urbex images. Take a look at our article on lens correction using Lightroom for more information.

a destroyed grand piano in front of broken arched windows
Photo by Radek Kilijanek

Reduce Noise in Post-Processing

Abandoned buildings are often dark. To get the right shots you often have to use a higher ISO setting. This can result in a lot of noise on your images.

But Lightroom comes to the rescue again. It has some excellent tools for removing digital noise on your photos.

We have a tutorial for fixing grainy images in Lightroom.

three billboards in the middle of a disused railway station
Photo by Matt Moloney

Try New Editing Styles

The fun doesn’t have to stop when your exploration is over. You can experiment with different editing styles in Lightroom.

You can turn your color images black and white. You can apply different finishes to the images. You can even add filters to give a film effect.

Editing your images is a great way to add new dimensions to your photography. We have some excellent tips for trying new editing styles. Click the link above for the full article.

a desk full of old papers in an abandoned building
Photo by Vince Gx


That’s our take on urban exploration photography. It’s fun and exciting. You’ll discover wonderful, mysterious, and spooky places. And you get some amazing urbex photos.

But be careful. Do your preparation and make sure you pack your safety gear. Urbex is an exciting hobby. But it can be dangerous too.

Remember the urbex philosophy ‘Take nothing but pictures and leave nothing but footprints’.

Best Day Backpack
Wandrd Duo Daypack Backpack
Wandrd Duo Daypack
Lightweight, compact, and robust, it offers excellent weather protection and thoughtful features. A backpack designed by photographers for photographers.