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Do you want to understand your camera and take great photos today?

Yes Please

Let’s face it, we all love to take pictures. Whether you’re a wedding photographer or a landscaper. Getting out there and photographing what makes us happy and gets our creative juices flowing is fun.

However, most of us, myself included, hate sitting in front of the computer, sorting and sifting through images from wedding photo sessions or just even personal work.

A portrait of the bride and groom posing outdoors - wedding photography backup workflow

From busy professionals to active hobbyists, having a good solid workflow and method of organising images is crucial. I am a wedding, lifestyle and travel photographer.

Having a consistent workflow is very important for my business and my sanity. Rather than having a different process for each genre of photography, I have found something that works well no matter what type of session I photograph.

Unfortunately, data loss is a very painful experience. Many of us will go through it at some point in our lives. You have probably heard of horror stories of wedding photographers losing images of weddings before they delivered them to their clients.

It is one thing when you lose your personal data/photos. It’s totally another when you are dealing with a client who paid you money to photograph a special occasion.

I cannot imagine how one could even handle a situation with lost wedding photos. It would be impossible to recreate those precious moments.

So here are some tips on how to create an effective wedding photography backup workflow. You can modify these to suit you even if your style of photography is not weddings.

1. What to Do Before the Wedding

My wedding photography workflow starts even before the actual wedding. My camera of choice is a Canon 5D MKIII with a Canon 5D MKII as a backup camera.

I have to admit, 90 percent of my sessions are shot using the MKII, I very rarely use the MKII. That doesn’t mean that it’s not ready for use. Whenever I am photographing a wedding, the MKII is fully loaded and ready to go, in case I need it.

I start off each session (wedding or lifestyle) with a fully charged battery and a Transcend 32GB CF card. At the moment, I own four 32GB CF cards, three 16GB CF cards and two 8GB CF cards.

A black and white wedding portrait of a bride looking out a window

After having lost an editorial session due to a corrupted memory card, I now separate key moments from a wedding day by memory card as part of my wedding workflow.

For weddings that are over 10 hours long, I carry all my cards with me. Each camera will start with a formatted 32GB CF card.

The night before the wedding I charge all my batteries (I have five batteries between my two cameras and luckily they are the same configuration) and format all my CF cards.

My bag is packed and ready to go in my office the night before the wedding. I have found that this step is very important for me especially before a long wedding day.

I cannot imagine having to pack my bags an hour before I have to leave for a 10 hour wedding day.

2. What to Do During the Wedding – Memory Cards

I know not every camera out there has dual memory card slot functionality. When I first started photographing weddings, my primary camera was my Canon 5D MKII. This camera does not have a dual memory card slot.

But once I upgraded to my Canon 5D MKIII, I finally had a camera with a dual memory card slot. I have to admit though that I don’t use the dual memory card slot that often as I find it slows me down.

The camera takes a few extra seconds to write the same information to both cards. During a fast moving wedding day, I cannot afford to miss any key moments.

If I am working a smaller wedding alone, i.e. less than 50 people and only for a few hours, then I do use the dual memory card slot on my Canon 5D MK III.

If I am photographing longer wedding and have a second photographer there with me to help me during the day, I typically will not use the dual memory card slot.

I rely on my second to be right there with me capturing key moments (even if it is from a slightly different angle).

Two wedding invitations on a stone ground

As far as settings go, I always have my camera set to shoot raw to both cards. I know a lot of people that will shoot raw to one card and jpeg to the second card as the backup.

If I’m using a second card as a backup, then I want the raw file and not a compressed JPEG.

3. What to Do During the Wedding – Photographing

Depending on the wedding timeline, I will swap out my cards during a logical break in the shoot. For example – the bridal portraits, first look, etc., will be on one or more CF cards.

I will swap out the used card before the ceremony (even if it is only partially used), so I can photograph the ceremony on a fresh card. I learned this the hard way early on, when I lost an entire session on a card that failed.

Luckily it was not a wedding, but a personal shoot that I was able to recreate. Since then I don’t take any chances with failed CF cards, especially for important events like weddings.

Used CF cards from a wedding are placed in a separate pouch, from fresh CF cards that I place in another pouch in my camera bag.

A black and white portrait of a bride and groom gazing into each others eyes - wedding photography backup workflow

By separating key events during the day into separate cards, I am able to organize the images into folders even while uploading RAW files to my external hard drives. This makes my wedding workflow a little bit more organized.

So for any given wedding, I will have at least two memory cards. If I have a second photographer assisting me during a wedding, I will have at least four memory cards.

Before the wedding, we make it a point to sync our cameras to the same date and time (generally some date or time in the future) to help streamline the upload and sync process.

4. What to Do After the Wedding – Storage

When I am back home from a wedding, the first thing I do is pack away my gear. I disconnect my camera bodies from my lenses, and put them away separately. All batteries are removed, including those from my flash.

I have heard horror stories where batteries, especially AAAs, have leaked into the flash socket, so I don’t want to have to deal with that mess!

After that I download the images from my CF cards onto an external hard drive that acts as a storage for my RAW images. I use Seagate external hard drives to store my images.

I also download my images into the Photos app (previously iPhoto) on my iMac computer. The Photos library resides on another Seagate external hard drive.

Once both the downloads are complete, I then format the cards in camera (not via the computer).

Two external hard drives from Seagate to store RAW files for better wedding photography workflow

My external hard drives from Seagate where I store RAW files from my cards and my Photos library. I delete client RAW files after seven years.

I use Photos and quickly sort through the images that I like. Then I export those images as originals to a folder on my iMac (I name my folders based on the date of the shoot. For example: YYYYMMDD_ClientName_TypeoftheShoot.

I then import these selected images into Lightroom, my preferred editing software. I previously used Bridge to select RAW images to edit for the wedding but found I could do the same thing in Photos.

My Lightroom catalog also resides on a WD My Passport Ultra, external hard drive. I understand you may have some concerns over running an LR Catalog on an external HD, because of potential LR speed issues.

So far, I have not experienced any issues with LR in terms of speed by having the catalog on an external HD. But if you are concerned about speed then your LR catalog can be put on your computer’s hard drive. Just keep a backup on the external HD.

My LR catalog is also backed up on another WD My Passport Ultra. I have recently started to create a new LR catalog every year. Each year holds all the sessions that I have photographed – both client work and personal work.

Early on I tried to create a new LR catalog for every wedding I photographed. It quickly became too much work and too much effort to maintain all those different catalogues.

Two portable hard drives for better wedding photography workflow to save RAW files

My portable hard drives are part of my wedding photography workflow. I use them to save my RAW files, as well as my Lightroom catalog when I am travelling for an extended period of time.

I’ve also backed up my LR catalogs on a cloud system (as of 2018). I use Amazon Prime cloud backup. With the unlimited storage option, it seems like the perfect choice to add to my overall wedding photography backup workflow.

5. Editing and Delivery

80% of my editing is done in Lightroom. I use Photoshop sparingly if I have to make any advanced editing like head swapping and/or removing large objects from images.

I have invested in the Adobe Creative Cloud for LR and Photoshop. It’s the bundle package deal for $10 per month (at the time of this writing) for photographers. You can also purchase a 1-year long subscription from Amazon here.

Adobe’s Creative Cloud works on both my iMac, which is my primary editing device, as well as my MacBook Pro, which is my travel companion.

After editing is complete, I export my client images onto the same WD Ultra external hard drive as my Lightroom catalog. The client folders are also arranged by date of the session. This time my naming standard is as follows: CompanyName_ClientName_YYYYMMDD.

All images will have the same naming convention as the folder, along with an image sequence number. I also upload the images to my portfolio site, in a password protected gallery. Then I share the password with my clients, for viewing their images and ordering any prints.

These days I use Pictime to host my client galleries. I used to use Zenfolio when I first started my business but now find Pictime easier to navigate and customise for my business.

A wedding portrait of the bride and groom posing outdoors with a cityscape in the background

I send client files via a Pictime link. The link is active for 3-4 weeks depending on the type of client. Wedding clients get more time to view and download verses family photography and editorial clients.

Wedding client galleries are live online on Pictime for 3-4 weeks, and then they are deleted. At the end of every year, I delete old client processed images from my external hard drive.

I retain client session raw files for seven years before I delete them from my Seagate external drives (both the original CF card download as well as the Photos catalog) to make room for new sessions.

My wedding photography packages all include edited images on a personalized flash drive.

If you don’t want to delete client images in the event that a client may come back to you after a few years (for example in case of death in the family, etc.), you can invest in a large external storage unit for backing up, or use a cloud based backup system.

6. On the Road Workflow

When I am travelling for work, I follow a similar process and carry all my memory cards. I also carry a couple of external hard drives for storage as well as for editing work on the road.

If I am travelling for a short trip where I don’t need to take my computer and don’t anticipate doing any work remotely, I will only carry my memory cards and back them up when I am back home.

But if I am out for an extended trip and anticipate doing work on the road, I will travel with external hard drives and my laptop to both store, back up and edit my work remotely.

I also use my Amazon prime as a temporary back up for my images. This is, however, dependent on a good, reliable internet (WiFi) connection, which isn’t always the case.

A wedding portrait of the bride and groom kissing outdoors

I follow the same process for image backup. I save my edited images in the travel WD Ultra external hard drive (that has a copy of my current LR catalog).

When I am back home, I sync up the travel external hard drive to the primary one at home and I am good to go.

7. Make Sure Everything Is Fireproof

Over Christmas break a couple of years ago, one of the homes in my neighbourhood burnt down due to a malfunction in the electric lights over the Christmas tree. That was a rude awakening that anything can happen at any time!

Since then, I have added a fireproof safe as part of my photography workflow process. When I am travelling for work/personal reasons for an extended period of time, I store all my external hard drives fireproof safe and keep them at a friend’s place.

This is just in case something unfortunate happens.


As you can see, my wedding and photography workflow and image organisation is not too complicated. I tried a few different variations, both in terms of file naming as well as file storage options. In the end, I find working off external hard drives is fast, easy, and safe.

It does require investment in external hard drives, but I typically pick some up when they are on sale.

I encourage you to use this, or some variation of this digital photography workflow, and tweak it to make it your own.

Having a workflow will help you be better organized. You’ll spend less time in front of the computer, and more time out there doing what you love the most – photographing.

A note from Josh, ExpertPhotography's Photographer-In-Chief:

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Karthika Gupta

Karthika Gupta is a lifestyle, wedding, and travel photographer based in the Chicago area. Her images are fun, fresh and natural. She strives to capture authentic emotions and interactions among her clients and emotive imagery in her commercial work. She also leads Travel and culture tours to India, her home country to help you experience India with a local. She has a Free Travel Photography Demystified E-Course a 5-Day video series to help you improve your travel photography.

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