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Do you want to understand your camera and take great photos today?

Yes Please

The hardest part about outdoor adventure photography is picking up your camera. That’s not a joke. Conditions can be brutal. There will be many times when staying dry, keeping your fingers from freezing, and protecting your equipment will seem much more important than getting a shot.

Case in point: I was leading a late-season wilderness trip in the Brooks Range of northern Alaska. A light east wind had been blowing steadily for the past days. In arctic Alaska, dry, fair weather tends to come from the east. A couple of miles into the day’s trek, the breeze died.

Then, within moments, I felt a puff of air on my face…coming from the west.

Two hikers with backpacks climbing a mountain in the snow.

Within an hour clouds appeared on the western horizon. Knowing we were about to be hammered by a fall storm, we found a sheltered spot to set up camp. By early evening our tents were shuddering in a stiff breeze, which grew through the night, threatening to rip our tent pegs from the ground or tear the nylon of the rain flies. The temperature dropped, and wet snow began to splat in heavy flakes.

Landscape photo that appears black and white, with the silhouette of a man to the right. Picture taken over Katakturuk River.

When morning finally arrived, there were six inches of snow on the ground, fog obscured the mountain tops, and it was several degrees below freezing.

The last thing I wanted to do was make photos. But I got out my camera, went for a walk with my clients, and did just that.

I ended up with some of my favorite images from that trip. I got those shots because, as much as I would have preferred to sit in the kitchen tent and drink hot chocolate, I made the effort to get up, go out and make some photos.

Go out and Shoot! That’s the biggest tip I can offer about Adventure Photography. But there is more to consider than that and this article will take you through it.

Low perspective photo of a man packing a raft.

Even packing a raft can make a “hero” shot when you get down for a low perspective and have a stormy sky for a background.

Cameras for Outdoor Adventure Photography

When I discuss photography, I try not to emphasize equipment. I am a strong believer that your creativity, technique, and toughness are far more important to your success as a photographer. That said, a few tools, and a few considerations about your equipment, will greatly increase your success when it comes to creating images in the harsh conditions adventure photographers often encounter.

Straight view at a cyclist coming into a turn during a cycling race.

Weight

The best camera for adventure photography is one you can carry for hours, with all your other photo gear, food, and camp equipment without hurting yourself. Think light-weight. I’ve come to really like compact mirrorless cameras, in particular those in the Panasonic Lumix series such as the Panasonic GH5.

Small and lightweight cameras and lenses are a great asset, but standard DSLRs are also more than suitable and have one large advantage over many mirrorless, remarkable weather sealing.

Weather-Sealing and Durability

Picture of a skier turning, with powdered snow flying everywhere.

The day I photographed this skier, the wind was howling and blowing spindrift was splattering against my camera. I was glad for good weather sealing.

My professional grade Canon DSLRs and lenses have remarkable weather sealing. While of course I try to keep them dry, these cameras can withstand a surprising amount of rain, snow, and brutally cold conditions. Similar cameras by other manufacturers can do the same.

Cameras used in outdoor and adventure photography have to put up with all kinds of abuse. So, when shopping for new gear, be sure to consider durability and water sealing.

Picture of an Alaskan cabin with a view of the sky in the background.

It was -35C the night I made this image of a cabin in the wilderness of interior Alaska.

Lenses

Just like your camera body, you’ll want to consider the size of the lens, its durability and weather sealing. For years I used my standard Canon glass, and that is still a good option. High end lenses are almost always suitably tough and weather resistant for adventure photography.

However, they do tend to be heavy. I gave up carrying my 70-200 f2.8 and other bigger lenses a few years back, opting for less, but easier to handle gear.

I recommend, at a minimum, that you have a wide angle, and a normal-to short telephoto length lens in your kit.

Tripod

Picture at Joshua Tree National Park in California, showing a white car in front of tall rocks.

Long exposure work is one of the few places where a tripod will be vital to adventure photography. Without my tripod, I never could have made this image of a camp in Joshua Tree National Park, California.

Though useful on occasion, the often fast-moving pace of adventure sports, and the weight restrictions of wilderness travel, will usually make their use difficult. When I’m integrating landscape photography, and weight is not a driving issue, I’ll often throw one in, but more often than not, it stays at home.

Sample Kits

Keep in mind these are my selections, your preference may differ.

[Note: ExpertPhotography is supported by readers. Product links on ExpertPhotography are referral links. If you use one of these and buy something, we make a little bit of money. Need more info? See how it all works here.Ed.]

Ultralight

  • Compact 4/3 camera (Lumix GX85)
  • 12-24mm lens
  • 50-150mm lens

Light

  • Primary camera Lumix G9
  • Backup Camera Lumix GX85
  • 12-24mm
  • 45-100mm f2.8

Medium

  • Primary camera Lumix G9
  • Backup Camera Lumix GX85
  • 12-24mm
  • 45-100mm f2.8
  • 200mm f2.8
  • Tripod

Heavy

  • Full frame DSLR
  • 70-200 f2.8
  • 24-105 f4
  • 17-40 f4
  • Lumix G9
  • 12-24mm
  • 45-100mm f2.8
  • 200mm f2.8
  • Tripod
View from afar of two cyclists riding in the snow. The mountain side is in the background.

I enjoy photographing cycling activities. When I made this photo, I had to carry all my kit with me on a 25 mile bike ride in the snow. I appreciated a small kit.

Last Thoughts on Gear

Adventure photographers often have to move fast. We have to be able to get ahead of our models, make images, then scurry off to get ahead again. A light, simple kit will help immensely with that.

Finally, know your gear inside and out. The more time you spend fumbling with camera settings, the less time you’ll be shooting. You’ll increase your chances of missing a shot.

In other words, go light, and know your kit.

Environment

Adventure photography showing river rafting from a distance

If you are interested in outdoor adventure photography, there is a pretty good chance you enjoy the outdoors. When out photographing, be mindful of the impact your activities have on the environment. Stay on designated trails, don’t harass wildlife, and don’t ask your models to do any of those things.

Adventure photography of mountain climbers

As photography becomes increasingly popular, there are more and more conflicts between users. Your camera does not buy you the right to break rules. Be respectful, or eventually photographers are going to face regulations that will impede our ability to shoot in our favourite places.

I’ve met some photographers who think the rules don’t apply to them because they are carrying a few thousand dollars in equipment. Please, don’t be one of those guys.

Techniques

Adventure photography of a cyclist

I’m not an outdoor adventure photographer who specializes in making images while clinging to a cliff side, or while hanging from ice tools on a frozen waterfall. My work is quieter. I like images of people in the wild. I like stories of humans involved with the landscape, and the way the land can overwhelm the human experience.

Because I like these quieter images, the techniques I apply are more about telling stories than the dramatic life of high elevation climbers. These are applicable to any school of adventure photography.

The silhouettes of two men photographed at Katakturuk River

Think About the Why

Why are you making that image? Why is your subject doing what they are doing? Consider both your own and your subject’s motivation. The answer to those questions should be the heart of your image or series.

Don’t Limit Yourself to a Single Image

Adventure photography showing one man repairing a raft while another is standing in the background

Even activities like repairing a broken raft frame can be an important part of the story. Especially when it happens mid-way through a trip down the Grand Canyon and the nearest replacement parts are days away and miles back up the river.

Most good photo stories take some time to build. And that means they also use more than one image. I’m not talking about a blow by blow of a hiker on a ridge or every move of a climber on a cliff. Rather, the adventure photographer needs to account for all the aspects of the story, even the parts that don’t seem particularly exciting at the time.

Photo of people around a campfire, showing camp life during outdoor photography

Make images of the preparation, the equipment, camp life, gear maintenance and the like. These images fill the gaps in the story, and make it whole.

The Place

Location is a huge part of outdoor adventure photography. In fact, I’d argue it is the most important part of the story. Fortunately, these places are also often naturally photogenic.

Landscape photography with a tent in the foreground and another in the background

Some of my favorite wilderness photos are those that show humans in the landscape, dwarfed by mountains, or storms, or wave-tossed oceans. These images remind your viewer of the scale, and they put humans in their place: at the mercy of the landscape.

To create these types of images, compose your shot as though you were making a landscape photograph, but incorporate the human element in a noticeable, though not prominent location. With or without the person, the image should work.

Perspective

Artistic photo of a person fishing, showing the fishing rod and their boot
Compositional strategies are so varied that they extend far beyond the scope of this article. However, I do want to emphasize the importance of variety.

Get low and lay on the ground for an upward looking perspective. Scramble atop a nearby rock outcropping and get an image looking down on your subject. Zoom in tight, show the details, and then back up to show the surrounding landscape.

In short, don’t limit yourself.

As I noted in the section on gear, the adventure photographer has to cover twice the distance at twice the speed of the people they are photographing. I can’t tell you the number of times, I have run along a mountain ridge to get ahead of a group of hikers, stopped, photographed them as they passed, and then ran again to get back in front.

All of this physical effort is in the interest of showing my subjects in many different locations, from different perspectives, and in different moments in the action.

Low perspective photo of two mountain hikers with the sky in the background

Variety, after all, is the spice of both life and photography.

Conclusion

To be an adventure photographer, you have to be willing to have adventures. That should go without saying, but you’d be surprised at how many people who want to make these images, have never backpacked, climbed, or rafted a river in their lives. You’ve got to be willing to suffer and work, and spend days in horrible weather.

Adventure photography showing a man riding a fatbike in a winter landscape

In exchange for your time and effort, you’ll not only make images of dramatic scenes, and awesome people, you’ll also experience those things for yourself. And when you experience the story you are telling for yourself, you’ll have an easier time telling it.

Above all, go do something exciting, and take that camera with you!

Interested in extreme conditions for photography? Check out our review of Casey Kiernan’s Iceland photography workshop.

A note from Josh, ExpertPhotography's Photographer-In-Chief:

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David Shaw

is a professional conservation photographer, science writer, and photo educator based in Fairbanks, Alaska. His images and writing on photography, natural history, and science have appeared in hundreds of articles in more than 50 publications around the globe. He is currently accepting sign ups for an aurora photography workshop taking place 1-5 April 2019. Find out more HERE .

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