Natural light is free and accessible. You can manipulate it in all kinds of ways to enhance your photographs.
The types of natural light you use affect how eye-catching and impactful your results are.
12. Use Direct Light to Create Powerful Images
Direct light exists in different versions. It depends on whether you shoot outside or inside. It’s usually harsh and hits your subject. This light is great for emphasising textures and creating dramatic shadows.
You can manipulate harsh light to complement any kind of photo. You’ll find out more about this in #4.
11. Take Advantage of Side Light During Moody Photoshoots
As its name suggests, side light comes from one side and hits part of your subject. The rest should fade out into darkness.
If you use this in the right situations, you’ll be able to give your images a polished, fine art feel.
If you want a soft side light transition, photograph your subject next to a large window or a door that’s ajar.
10. Turn Natural Outdoor Light into Top Light to Create a Mysterious Look
Top light is often considered a fixed artificial light. It’s the ceiling light you see in metro stations and supermarkets. The harsh top light effect works well in mysterious photos of people and objects.
You can achieve this effect without using any kind of artificial light. All you have to do is manipulate the natural light you have.
You can find natural top light in abandoned buildings. Look for those with open roofs, narrow alleys, and attics.
This isn’t every photographer’s go-to lighting technique. But it’s a great tool for those who want to take mysterious and conceptual photos of their subjects.
This will emphasise the top light and create streaks of dramatic light around your subject. Of course, make sure you create a makeshift studio for the flour to fall on so the cleaning process is easier!
9. Use Fabric With Direct Light to Create Patterned Light
If direct light doesn’t appeal to you, you can use it to create a different version of light altogether.
In essence, patterned light is harsh light that’s broken into pieces by a pattern. You can use lace curtains, doilies, hair, hands, and anything else that will create shapes on your subject.
8. Take Photos During Cloudy Days to Capture Soft Light
Soft light is almost every photographer’s best friend. It’s even, creates a balanced amount of shadows, and is available almost all year round.
Even if you’re in the middle of winter, you can still take interesting photos by using this light.
To make the most of this light, shoot in an open space where the light can hit your subject evenly. The weather can be cloudy or gloomy.
The more consistent the light, the more balanced your composition will be. If the sky is empty, shoot as close to your subject as possible so your composition doesn’t end up looking dull.
If you’re photographing a person, make sure they face the sky. This will help you avoid unflattering shadows. For still life photography, use a reflector (or a sheet of foil) to remove unwanted shadows.
For dramatic landscape shots, take photos when the sun peeks through. This will create streaks of light. You can use these to enhance your landscape compositions.
7. Shoot in Front of the Sun to Achieve a Dramatic Backlit Effect
Backlight means that the light source is directly behind your subject. If your subject completely covers the light source, then you’ll get a dramatic silhouette.
If part of your lens captures the light, you’ll get sun flares or halos of light. These are great for dreamy photography.
To achieve the backlit effect, you can use several methods:
- Take photos of your subject when the sun is rising or setting. This means that you’ll be able to take photos without worrying about very low or high angles.
- Shoot from a very low or high point of view, such as a roof or a mountain.
- Take photos from a very low angle when the sun is at a high point.
No matter what kind of backlight you use, it will highlight your model’s silhouette. It will emphasise the textures around them (such as stray hair), and create warm golden light.
6. Shoot Inside on a Sunny Day for Perfect Indoor Light
When bright light enters a room through large windows, a very specific kind of light is created. If you shoot in an open space with white walls, you’ll have a lot of different kinds of light to work with.
Given the limitations of indoor spaces, you won’t be able to move around as much.
5. Improve Your Landscape Photography Using Spot Lighting
Spotlighting is very rare because it relies on the weather. This special light is available only when there’s a small opening in a blanket of clouds.
If the opening is very small, a circle of light will appear and emphasise whatever is lands on. This is perfect for moody landscape photos.
An alternative to this lighting is spotty lighting, which is easier to achieve on cloudy days.
As you can see in the image above, you need a combination of bright sunlight and a few scattered clouds for this to work.
The sharp contrast between the shadows and bright light can make for interesting landscape pictures.
4. Shoot Before Sunset or After Sunrise to Work with Golden Light
Golden hour happens right before the sun sets and shortly after it rises.
The light during this time is soft and warm. This means you can shoot from virtually any angle and get an appealing shot. Even direct golden hour light is pleasant compared to its midday alternative.
A common lighting technique that’s used during this time is backlight.
You can achieve backlight by photographing your subject while they stand in front of a light source. The sun is very low during the golden hour.
You can take stunning backlit photos of people and objects, as pictured above.
3. Use Twilight Photography Techniques to Take Atmospheric Photographs
The blue hour occurs when the sun is below the horizon. This creates a soft blue light that is often found in landscape photography.
According to Wikipedia, the blue is hour is at its most intense “when the Sun is between 4° and 8° below the horizon.”
You can use this light to take soft, atmospheric, and peaceful photos of landscapes.
2. Use Reflected Light to Create Dynamic Compositions
Reflected light is exactly what it sounds like: light that’s reflected off a surface. It can be any reflective surface, including a piece of glass, sunglasses, or even a prism.
This is a great way to manipulate natural light. Especially if the weather is being unpredictable. You can use a DIY reflector to create more light on a gloomy day, for example.
Some surfaces, like blankets, aren’t naturally reflective. But if enough light hits them, they’ll create reflections of their own.
For example, a red blanket will create subtle red reflections. A gold reflector will create warm reflected light.
You can also find reflected light in nature. Cliffs, trees, etc., all reflect light in their own ways. These create pools of indirect light around them. Look out for these subtle reflections the next time you go out to take photos.
1. Use Moonlight to Take Ethereal Photos
For this to work, your ISO needs to be high but not extreme. Use a tripod so you don’t end up with blurry photos.
You can approach natural light in a wide variety of ways. It depends on your photoshoot theme, your preferences, and the weather.
The more you experiment with these kinds of light, the easier it will be to take unique photos. No matter where you are or who you’re photographing.
Start with these twelve, and you’ll discover many more throughout the process.